The Son of Man in glory (Mt 25:31-25:31)

“When the Son of Man

Comes in his glory,

All the angels

Will be with him.

Then he will sit

On the throne

Of his glory.”


Ὅταν δὲ ἔλθῃ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐν τῇ δόξῃ αὐτοῦ καὶ πάντες οἱ ἄγγελοι μετ’ αὐτοῦ, τότε καθίσει ἐπὶ θρόνου δόξης αὐτοῦ·


This last judgment section is unique to Matthew.  The Son of Man theme was a favorite theme for Matthew as well as the Old Testament prophet Daniel, especially chapter 7:13-14, where it might have been messianic also.  Daniel said that the Son of Man would be given dominion, glory, and kingship over all people, nations, and languages.  Everyone would serve him, since his kingdom would last forever, and never be destroyed.  Jesus said that the Son of Man would come in his glory or splendor (Ὅταν δὲ ἔλθῃ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐν τῇ δόξῃ αὐτοῦ), with all his angels (καὶ πάντες οἱ ἄγγελοι μετ’ αὐτοῦ), seated on the throne of his glory or splendor (τότε καθίσει ἐπὶ θρόνου δόξης αὐτοῦ).  The Son of Man was a clear reference to the return of Jesus himself.

The future good righteous king (Jer 23:5-23:6)

“Says Yahweh.

‘The days are surely coming,

When I will raise up for David

A righteous branch.

He shall reign as king.

He shall deal wisely.

He shall execute justice.

He shall execute righteousness

In the land.

In his days,

Judah will be saved.

Israel will live in safety.

This is the name

By which he will be called.

‘Lord is our righteousness.’”

Yahweh indicates, via Jeremiah, that a future Davidic king will rule in both Judah and Israel. This king would come from David’s righteous branch. As a king, he would rule wisely with justice and righteousness. Judah would be saved and Israel would be safe. The name of this future king would be “Lord of our righteousness.” Thus the future messianic Davidic king was important to the Israelites.