The early bibles had to be copied by hand in manuscript form, since there was no printing press until the 15th century. The classic Bible of the middle ages was the 4th century Latin Vulgate translation of St. Jerome. The first book ever printed in the 15th century was the Latin Bible. In the 16th century, the various translations began to appear, the most famous being the German New Testament translation of Martin Luther. The English, under King James I (1603-1625) decided to set up a committee to translate the Bible into Elizabethan English. They finished their task in 1611. The King James Bible became the only authorized Bible in the English language and has dominated the American religious scene, because of its use among the American Puritans. The Roman Catholics produced an English Douay-Rheims translation of the Bible in France about the same, in 1609-1610.
The Augustinian priest, Martin Luther (1483-1546) was one of the first to point out that Scripture alone, without the Church interpretation was enough. With the invention of the printing press in the late 15th century and the growth of the new vernacular languages, printing and translating the Bible was an important element in the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. Sermons on Bible readings took on a new importance. The printed Bible book also became an icon. There were immediate difficulties within this reform movement over the question of the clear meaning of Scripture. Each group and even each individual within the group began to interpret Scripture as they saw fit.
To the choirmaster leader, a psalm of the Korahites, according to Alamoth, a song
“God is our refuge.
God is our strength.
He is a very present help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear!
Even though the earth should change.
Even though the mountains shake in the heart of the sea.
Even though its waters roar and foam.
Even though the mountains tremble with its tumult.”
Psalm 46 is another of the psalms or songs of the sons of Korah. However, this is a victory song that inspired Martin Luther to write his famous hymn, “A Mighty Fortress.” In fact, it is a hymn of Mount Zion that was to be sung by an Alamoth, who was a soprano or female voice. God was their refuge and strength. He was present during any time of trouble. Therefore they would not fear. Even though great changes on the earth were taking place, they would not be afraid. There was a mention of the underwater earthquakes, tsunamis, or above ground earthquakes, when God would be there. At this thought there is a musical interlude or pause, a Selah.