Making the Ark of the Covenant (Ex 37:1-37:9)

“Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood.  It was two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.  He overlaid it with pure gold, inside and outside, and made a molding of gold around it.  He cast for it four rings of gold for its four feet, two rings on its one side and two rings on its other side.  He made poles of acacia wood, and overlaid them with gold.  He put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry the ark.   He made a mercy seat of pure gold.  Two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its width.  He made two cherubim of hammered gold.  At the two ends of the mercy seat he made them.  One cherub was at the one end, and one cherub at the other end.  Of one piece with the mercy seat he made the cherubim at its two ends.  The cherubim spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings.  They faced one another.  The faces of the cherubim were turned toward the mercy seat.”

Bezalel is explicitly mentioned here as the individual maker of the Ark of the Covenant.   He followed the instructions that Yahweh gave Moses in chapter 25.  The instructions that Yahweh gave was very clear and exact, according to the priestly tradition.  He made the ark of acacia wood and overlaid it with pure gold, inside and outside and all around it.  Thus we have a small wooden box, not that big, about 5 feet long and about 3 foot high and 3 foot wide, with gold all around inside and outside.  Next, he cast four rings of gold, two rings on each side to act as feet, with two acacia wooden poles, overlaid with gold, in order to carry the ark.  He also made a golden mercy seat about 5’ by 3,’ something like a cover for the ark.  He also made two golden cherubim at the two ends of this mercy seat, facing each other so that their wings overshadowed the mercy seat.