“Five of them
Five of them
πέντε δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἦσαν μωραὶ καὶ πέντε φρόνιμοι.
This parable story is unique to Matthew. Jesus said that 5 of these bridesmaids were foolish or stupid (πέντε δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἦσαν μωραὶ), while 5 were wise, intelligent, sensible or prudent (καὶ πέντε φρόνιμοι). Thus, we have the wise prudent sensible ones and the foolish or stupid ones, equally split among these maidens. This was like a metaphor for all humans, since half were good and half were bad.
“There are sixty queens.
There are eighty concubines.
There are maidens without number.
My perfect one is the only one.
She is the darling of her mother.
She is flawless to her that bore her.
The maidens saw her.
They called her happy.
The queens saw her.
The concubines also saw her.
They praised her.
‘Who is this that looks forth like the dawn?
Who is as fair as the moon?
Who is as bright as the sun?
Who is as awesome as an army with banners?’”
Now this male lover or prince compares his lover to 60 queens, 80 concubines, and numerous maidens. Is this the king speaking about his various female companions or the prince speaking about them? His lover is considered better than all of them, since she is the perfect one. She was the flawless darling of her mother. Everyone, the queens, the concubines, and the maidens, seems to praise her. They are all looking forward to her as if she was like the dawn of a new day. She was like the moon and the sun combined. She was going to come with an awesome army of banners.
“Let him kiss me
With the kisses of his mouth!
Your love is better than wine.
Your anointing oils are fragrant.
Your name is perfume poured out.
Therefore the maidens love you.
Draw me after you.
Let us make haste.
The king has brought me
Into his chambers.
We will exult in you.
We will rejoice in you.
We will extol your love
More than wine.
Rightly do they love you.”
The opening prologue to this poetic love song is uttered by the female lover. These few verses are assigned to a female writer. This woman longs for her male lover. She wants him to kiss her on the mouth. His love is greater than wine. His oils are fragrant, sweet smelling. His name is like a poured out perfume. Obviously then, many maidens love him. However, she wants him to hurry up and bring her to his royal chambers because he seems to be the king or at least a prince. Together they would exult and rejoice in him. Once again, his love was greater than wine. It was obvious why the young girls loved him. This romantic love tale has been interpreted as an allegorical love between Yahweh and Israel, or later by the Christians as Christ and his church. However, the basic story is what it is.