Macedonia (2 Cor. 8:1)

“Brothers!

We want you to know

About the grace of God

That has been granted

To the churches

Of Macedonia.”

Γνωρίζομεν δὲ ὑμῖν, ἀδελφοί, τὴν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ τὴν δεδομένην ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῆς Μακεδονίας,

Paul said, calling the Corinthians brothers (ἀδελφοί), that we want you to know (Γνωρίζομεν δὲ ὑμῖν) about the grace of God (τὴν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ) that has been granted (τὴν δεδομένην) to the churches (ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις) of Macedonia (τῆς Μακεδονίας).  Paul now turned to the collection for the Christian people in Jerusalem.  Paul began talking about the churches in Macedonia that was north of Greece and Corinth.  There are at least three churches in Macedonia mentioned in Acts, chapters 16-17, the churches at Philippi, Thessalonica, and Beroea.  The grace of God had been granted to these Christian churches.  Do you know where Macedonia is?

The attack of the south (Dan 11:11-11:13)

“Then the king of the south,

Moved with rage,

Shall go out.

He shall do battle

Against

The king of the north.

He mustered

A great multitude,

That was defeated

By his enemy.

When the multitude

Has been carried off,

His heart shall be exalted.

He shall overthrow

Tens of thousands.

But he shall not prevail.

The king of the north

Shall again raise a multitude,

Larger than the former.

After some years,

He shall advance

With a great army,

With abundant supplies.”

The king of the south was King Ptolemy IV (221-204 BCE). He had a number of battles with the northern King Antiochus III (222-187 BCE). King Ptolemy IV won at Raphia (217 BCE), when he took over the Palestine Judean area. However, he lost other battles. The northern King Antiochus III enlarged his empire on all sides. later. He gathered together a great army with a lot of supplies, as he also made a pact with Philip V of Macedonia (221-179 BCE).