“But whoever denies me
Will be denied
Before the angels of God.”
ὁ δὲ ἀρνησάμενός με ἐνώπιον τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἀπαρνηθήσεται ἐνώπιον τῶν ἀγγέλων τοῦ Θεοῦ
Luke indicated that Jesus said that whoever denied him before other people (ὁ δὲ ἀρνησάμενός με ἐνώπιον τῶν ἀνθρώπων), they would be denied before (ἀπαρνηθήσεται ἐνώπιον) the angels of God (τῶν ἀγγέλων τοῦ Θεοῦ). This verse is similar to Matthew, chapter 10:34, indicating a Q source. Matthew indicated that Jesus said that anyone who denied or repudiated him before other men, he was going to deny or repudiate them before his Father in heaven also. Once again, there was a difference between the angels of God and the Father in heaven. Jesus wanted loyalty to him, no matter what the circumstances. If they were loyal here on earth, he would intercede with his Father for them in heaven, as their mediator. Would you ever deny Jesus?
I must die
I will not deny you.’
All of them
Said the same.”
ὁ δὲ ἐκπερισσῶς ἐλάλει Ἐὰν δέῃ με συναποθανεῖν σοι, οὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσομαι. ὡσαύτως δὲ καὶ πάντες ἔλεγον
This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 26:35. Mark indicated that Peter kept emphatically saying to Jesus (δὲ ἐκπερισσῶς ἐλάλει) that even if it was necessary that he had to die with Jesus (Ἐὰν δέῃ με συναποθανεῖν σοι), he would never deny or repudiate him (οὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσομαι). Then all the other disciples said the same thing (ὡσαύτως δὲ καὶ πάντες ἔλεγον). Thus, all the 12 apostolic leaders exaggerated their own loyalty to Jesus.
“Peter said to him.
‘Even if I must die
I will not deny you.
All the disciples
Said the same thing.”
λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Πέτρος Κἂν δέῃ με σὺν σοὶ ἀποθανεῖν, οὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσομαι. ὁμοίως καὶ πάντες οἱ μαθηταὶ εἶπαν.
This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 14:31. Peter said to Jesus (λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Πέτρος) that even if it was necessary that he had to die with Jesus (Κἂν δέῃ με σὺν σοὶ ἀποθανεῖν), he would never deny or repudiate him (ὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσομαι). Then all the other disciples said the same thing (ὁμοίως καὶ πάντες οἱ μαθηταὶ εἶπαν). Thus, all the 12 leaders exaggerated their own loyalty to Jesus.
Who acknowledges me
Before other men,
I also will acknowledge him
Before my Father
But whoever denies me
Before other men,
I also will deny him
Before my Father
Πᾶς οὖν ὅστις ὁμολογήσει ἐν ἐμοὶ ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ὁμολογήσω κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς·
ὅστις δ’ ἂν ἀρνήσηταί με ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ἀρνήσομαι κἀγὼ αὐτὸν ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς.
This verse of Matthew is similar to Luke, chapter 12:8-9, indicating a Q source. There is also something similar in Mark, chapter 8:38 and Luke, chapter 9:26, where it was more about being ashamed of Jesus. Everyone who acknowledged or confessed Jesus before other men (Πᾶς οὖν ὅστις ὁμολογήσει ἐν ἐμοὶ ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων), Jesus was also going to acknowledge or confess them before his Father in the heavens (ὁμολογήσω κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς). However, anyone who denied or repudiated Jesus before other men (ὅστις δ’ ἂν ἀρνήσηταί με ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων), he was going to deny or repudiate them before his Father in the heavens (ἀρνήσομαι κἀγὼ αὐτὸν ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς). Jesus wanted loyalty to him, no matter what the circumstances. If they were loyal here on earth, he would intercede with his Father for them in heaven, as their mediator.
“Who is a God
You pardon iniquity.
You pass over
Of the remnant
Of your possessions.
He does not retain
His anger forever,
Because he delights
In showing clemency.
He will again have compassion
He will tread
You will cast all our sins
Into the depths of the sea.
You will show faithfulness
You will show
As you have sworn
To our ancestors,
From the days of old.”
This Book of Micah ends with this psalm of praise to Yahweh, while asking for his mercy. There is no other God like Yahweh, who has pardoned iniquity. He has let go of the transgressions of his people. His anger was short lived, because he delighted in granting clemency, since he had compassion for them. He has stamped on and thrown out all their sins. He has shown faithfulness and loyalty to Jacob and Abraham, just as he did to all their ancestors in the good old days. Notice the change from the descriptive “he” to the more intimate “you”.
“As my life
Was ebbing away,
Came to you
Into your holy Temple.
Those who worship
Forsake their true loyalty.”
As Jonah was sinking away in the sea, he remembered Yahweh. His prayer came to Yahweh in his holy Temple. Jonah was lucky, since he worshipped a true loyal God. However, those who worshipped vain idols would not have loyalty.
“Discipline your child while there is hope.
Do not set your heart on their destruction.
A violent tempered person will pay the penalty.
If you effect a rescue
You will only have to do it again.
Listen to advice!
Thus you may gain wisdom for the future.
The human mind may devise many plans.
But it is the purpose of Yahweh that will be established.
What is desired in a man is loyalty.
It is better to be a poor
Than a liar.”
You can discipline your child as long as there is hope. However, you should not try to destroy your children. A violent person will pay the penalty. If you try to help a violent person, you may have to do it again. You should listen to advice and instruction so that you will have future wisdom. The human mind can devise many plans, but Yahweh is the one who finally decides things. Loyalty is a desirable feature. It is better to be poor than lie.
“The poor are disliked
Even by their neighbors.
But the rich have many friends.
Those who despise their neighbors are sinners.
But happy are those who are kind to the poor.
Do they not err when they plan evil?
Those who plan good things find loyalty,
Those who plan good things find faithfulness.”
Neighbors do not like poor people beside them. However, people love to be friends with rich people. If you despise your neighbor, you are a sinner. You will be happy if you are kind to the poor. If you are planning evil, you are erring. People who plan good things will find loyalty and faithfulness.
A psalm of David
“I will sing of loyalty to you.
I will sing of justice to you.
I will sing.
I will study the way that is blameless.
When shall I attain it?”
Psalm 101 is a psalm of David. David sings of loyalty and justice to Yahweh. He wants to be blameless, but he knows that he has not attained it yet. Perhaps this was a psalm for a king to recite before his coronation.
“Let Jews be enrolled in the king’s forces
To the number of thirty thousand men.
Let the maintenance be given them
That is due to all the forces of the king.
Let some of them be stationed in the great strongholds of the king.
Let some of them be put in positions of trust in the kingdom.
Let their officers and leaders be of their own number.
Let them live by their own laws,
Just as the king has commanded in the land of Judah.”
King Demetrius I wanted to allow Jews to be in his army. Actually to be a member of the army was a privilege. He hoped that this would strengthen their loyalty to him. He was going to allow 30,000 Jews in his royal army. Already they had quotas. These Jewish soldiers were going to be paid like the other soldiers in the royal army. They would be stationed at the great strongholds of the king. Some would even be given trusted positions. They would even have their own officers come from their ranks. Finally, they could follow all the Jewish laws in Judah.