I say to you!
Will not pass away
Until all these things
Have taken place.”
ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἡ γενεὰ αὕτη ἕως ἂν πάντα γένηται.
Luke indicated that Jesus spoke with a solemn pronouncement (ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν) that this generation would not pass away (ὅτι οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἡ γενεὰ αὕτη) until all things had taken place (ἕως ἂν πάντα γένηται). This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 24:34, and in Mark, chapter 13:30. Mark indicated that Jesus, in a solemn proclamation (ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν) said that this current generation would not pass away (ὅτι οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἡ γενεὰ αὕτη) until all these things had taken place (οὗ ταῦτα πάντα γένηται). In Matthew, Jesus said with a solemn proclamation (ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν), that this current generation would not pass away (ὅτι οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἡ γενεὰ αὕτη) until all these things had taken place (ἕως ἂν πάντα ταῦτα γένηται). In other words, Jesus said that his disciples would live to see the end times, something that did not happen. However, that generation did get to see the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. Do you think that the end of the world will happen while you are alive?
Entered a village,
καὶ εἰσερχομένου αὐτοῦ εἴς τινα κώμην ἀπήντησαν δέκα λεπροὶ ἄνδρες, οἳ ἔστησαν πόρρωθεν
Only Luke has this story about the curing of the ten lepers, although Luke had Jesus cure a leper earlier in chapter 5:12-16, that can be found in the other synoptics, Matthew, chapter 8:1-4, and Mark, chapter 1:40-45. Luke indicated that Jesus entered a village (καὶ εἰσερχομένου αὐτοῦ εἴς τινα κώμην), where 10 lepers approached or met him (ἀπήντησαν δέκα λεπροὶ ἄνδρες). However, these lepers kept their distance (οἳ ἔστησαν πόρρωθεν). Leprosy was some kind of skin disease that was usually found among poor people. Today, there are about 2,000,000 people with leprosy or Hansen’s disease, mostly in India, Indonesia, and Brazil. The Greek word “λέπρας” used here is a broader definition of leprosy than just Hansen’s disease. Leprosy was a Jewish religious problem also. What to do about it was clearly defined in Leviticus, chapters 13-14. Leprosy in the wide sense was considered unclean and had religious connotations, since only a priest could declare a person clean, with a distinct ritual for cleansing the leper. As a leper, they were considered unclean and not fit to live in normal communal life. Thus, there were spiritual, physical, social, and religious implications with being a leper. Here there were 10 lepers in this village, so that they might have been a small leper colony. They approached Jesus, but kept their appropriate distance from him, since they were quarantined from being with other non-leper people. Have you ever met a leper?
“Then this evil spirit
Seven other spirits
They live there.
The last state
Of that person
Than the first.”
τότε πορεύεται καὶ παραλαμβάνει ἕτερα πνεύματα πονηρότερα ἑαυτοῦ ἑπτά, καὶ εἰσελθόντα κατοικεῖ ἐκεῖ, καὶ γίνεται τὰ ἔσχατα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐκείνου χείρονα τῶν πρώτων.
Luke indicated that Jesus said that this unclean spirit went and brought 7 others more evil spirits than him (τότε πορεύεται καὶ παραλαμβάνει ἕτερα πνεύματα πονηρότερα ἑαυτοῦ ἑπτά). They entered and lived there (καὶ εἰσελθόντα κατοικεῖ ἐκεῖ). Thus, the last state of that possessed person or man (καὶ γίνεται τὰ ἔσχατα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐκείνου) was worse than the first or original state (χείρονα τῶν πρώτων) of that person. This saying about the returning unclean spirit can be found almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 12:45, indicating a Q source. This implied a failed exorcism or a failed healing, so that the evil unclean spirit would return with more evil spirits. Thus, the unclean spirit brought 7 more evil spirits (τότε πορεύεται καὶ παραλαμβάνει μεθ’ ἑαυτοῦ ἑπτὰ ἕτερα πνεύματα πονηρότερα ἑαυτοῦ). All these evil spirits entered and lived there (καὶ εἰσελθόντα κατοικεῖ ἐκεῖ). Finally, the last state of that person would be worse than the original situation (καὶ γίνεται τὰ ἔσχατα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐκείνου χείρονα τῶν πρώτων). Thus, it would be the same for this evil generation (οὕτως ἔσται καὶ τῇ γενεᾷ ταύτῃ τῇ πονηρᾷ). Jesus had just called this generation evil, earlier in that chapter. Luke never mentioned this current evil generation here. Do you think that more evil comes to an empty house?
Our daily bread
τὸν ἄρτον ἡμῶν τὸν ἐπιούσιον δίδου ἡμῖν τὸ καθ’ ἡμέραν·
Luke indicated that Jesus said to the Father to give us (δίδου ἡμῖν) our daily bread (τὸν ἄρτον ἡμῶν τὸν ἐπιούσιον) each day (τὸ καθ’ ἡμέραν). In the second part of the “Lord’s Prayer,” “The Our Father,” Matthew, chapter 6:11, and Luke, had 4 human petitions, perhaps indicating a common Q source. We should ask the Father to give us (δὸς ἡμῖν) our daily bread or sustenance to sustain our human life (Τὸν ἄρτον ἡμῶν τὸν ἐπιούσιον) today (σήμερον). Every day, even today, we need our daily nutrition to live. The hope is that God the Father will provide for us. The Father will provide our daily nutritional needs, since we are dependant upon him. Do you thank God for your daily bread?
“Jesus said to him.
‘You have given
The right answer.
Then you will live!’”
εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ Ὀρθῶς ἀπεκρίθης· τοῦτο ποίει καὶ ζήσῃ.
Luke indicated that Jesus said to the lawyer (εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ) that he had given the correct right answer (Ὀρθῶς ἀπεκρίθης). Jesus told him to do that (τοῦτο ποίει) and then he would live (καὶ ζήσῃ). Mark, chapter 12:32-33, indicated that this Scribe said to Jesus, rather than the other way around, that Jesus was right. He, in fact, respectfully called Jesus Teacher (Διδάσκαλε). This Scribe agreed that Jesus had spoken according to the truth. God was one, so that there was no other God but him alone. Thus, the Scribe and Jesus were on the same page as regards God and his commandments. Then the Scribe pointed out that these 2 commandments were more important than all the Temple sacrifices. He said that to love God with all your heart, with all your understanding, and with all your strength, as well as to love your neighbor as yourself was much more important than all the various sacrificial burnt offerings. This Scribe recognized the value of love of God and neighbor. Do you love God with your whole being and your neighbor as yourself?
“While the boy
Was coming to Jesus,
The demon threw him down
But Jesus rebuked
The unclean spirit.
He healed the boy.
He gave him back
To his father.”
ἔτι δὲ προσερχομένου αὐτοῦ ἔρρηξεν αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον καὶ συνεσπάραξεν· ἐπετίμησεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἀκαθάρτῳ, καὶ ἰάσατο τὸν παῖδα καὶ ἀπέδωκεν αὐτὸν τῷ πατρὶ αὐτοῦ.
Luke said that while the young man was coming to Jesus (ἔτι δὲ προσερχομένου αὐτοῦ), the demon threw him down to the ground (ἔρρηξεν αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον) with convulsions (καὶ συνεσπάραξεν). But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit (πετίμησεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἀκαθάρτῳ). He healed the boy (καὶ ἰάσατο τὸν παῖδα). He gave him back to his father (καὶ ἀπέδωκεν αὐτὸν τῷ πατρὶ αὐτοῦ). Both Matthew, chapter 17:18 and Luke here have a summary of a more detailed longer statement from Mark, chapter 9:20-27, about this mute epileptic boy. Mark said that they brought the boy to Jesus. However, when the evil spirit saw Jesus, it immediately convulsed the boy. The boy fell on the ground and began to roll around, foaming at the mouth. In fact, Jesus got to see what the father had described to him earlier. Jesus asked the father of this boy how long had these convulsions been happening to him. The father said that it had been happening since his childhood. This evil spirit would often cast him into both fire and water, as Matthew had mentioned, in order to destroy him. Then the father asked Jesus, if he was able to do anything to help his son. He wanted Jesus to have pity and compassion on him and his son. Jesus said to him that all things could be done for the one who believed. Belief was the key ingredient for any success in this area. The father of the child cried out that he believed, but he wanted help with his unbelief. This was a strong statement of belief that also recognized unbelief at the same time. Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit. He directly commanded this unclean evil spirit that had kept this boy from speaking and hearing to come out of him, never again to enter him. Jesus then got rid of the unclean spirit that was in this boy in a public act in front of a crowd. After crying out and terribly convulsing the boy with spasms, the evil spirit came out of the boy, who became a corpse. Most of the people said that the boy was dead. Could this boy live without the evil spirit in him? Jesus took the boy by the hand. He lifted him up, so that he rose up, and was able to stand up on his feet by himself. The boy was not dead. There was a clear equivalence between the illness of epilepsy and demonic possession. Once the devil or evil spirits had left the boy, he was cured of his various ailments. Have you ever dealt with an epileptic?