He poured oil
Then he put him
On his own animal.
He brought him
To an inn.
He took care of him.”
καὶ προσελθὼν κατέδησεν τὰ τραύματα αὐτοῦ ἐπιχέων ἔλαιον καὶ οἶνον, ἐπιβιβάσας δὲ αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τὸ ἴδιον κτῆνος ἤγαγεν αὐτὸν εἰς πανδοχεῖον καὶ ἐπεμελήθη αὐτοῦ.
Luke continued his unique story. Jesus said that this Samaritan went to or approached this wounded man (καὶ προσελθὼν), instead of crossing over to the other side of the road. He bandaged his wounds (κατέδησεν τὰ τραύματα αὐτοῦ) and poured oil and wine on them (ἐπιχέων ἔλαιον καὶ οἶνον). Apparently, oil and wine were like medicine to heal the wounds. Then he put him on his own animal (ἐπιβιβάσας δὲ αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τὸ ἴδιον κτῆνος), either a horse or a mule. He then brought him to an inn (ἤγαγεν αὐτὸν εἰς πανδοχεῖον). This Samaritan really took care of this wounded man (καὶ ἐπεμελήθη αὐτοῦ). This underclass Samaritan stepped up. He helped the wounded half dead man by the wayside. He apparently was ready for this kind of thing, because he had bandages, oil, and wine with him. He even was traveling with an animal, probably a mule. There was no mention of any animal with the priest or the Levite. Thus, we have the famous saying about Good Samaritans, based on this story, someone unrelated, who shows up and helps a person in need. This Good Samaritan story has become part of our contemporary secular cultural language. Thus, this story has reached beyond a pure religious context. However, the assumptions are always that the helping person was motivated by a higher calling. Have you ever been a Good Samaritan?
“In those days there was no king in Israel. In those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking for itself a territory to live in. Until then no territory among the tribes of Israel had been allotted to them. So the Danites sent five valiant men from the whole number of their clan, from Zorah and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land and to explore it. They said to them. ‘Go. Explore the land.’ Then they came to the hill country of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, and they stayed there. While they were at Micah’s house, they recognized the voice of the young Levite. So they went over and asked him. ‘Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? What is your business here?’ He said to them. ‘Micah did such and such for me. He hired me. I have become his priest.’ Then they said to him. ‘Inquire of God that we may know whether the mission we are undertaking will succeed.’ The priest replied. ‘Go in peace. The mission you are on is under the eye of Yahweh.’”
The Danites were in search of a place to stay. There was no king of Israel which seemed to imply that things would have been better if there was a king. For some reason the Danites said that they have no allotment. That is not true since Joshua had given them land on the west coast, as in Joshua, chapter 19, the 7th allotment. They were actually staying at Zorah and Eshtaol, which was part of their allotment, close to Judah. In fact, the Danites could not control the Philistines there and had to abandon their territory. The Danites sent out 5 men to help find a new place to live. They wandered into Micah and his Levite priest. They seem fascinated by the Levite priest and asked him what he was doing there. The Levite told them that Micah has hired him as his priest. They wanted to know if their mission would be a success. The Levite told them that they were under the eye of Yahweh and everything would be okay.