“The last two were
The son of James,
And Judas Iscariot,
Who became a traitor.”
καὶ Ἰούδαν Ἰακώβου, καὶ Ἰούδαν Ἰσκαριὼθ, ὃς ἐγένετο προδότης,
Luke said that the last two apostles were both called Judas (καὶ Ἰούδαν), the son of James (Ἰακώβου), and Judas Iscariot (καὶ Ἰούδαν Ἰσκαριὼθ), who became a traitor (ὃς ἐγένετο προδότης). These last two are problematic for different reasons. One of these names is similar to Mark, chapter 3:18-19 and Matthew, chapter 10:4, Judas Iscariot, who was on all 3 lists of apostles, with some unfavorable comment about him as a traitor. However, he was excluded from the list in the in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 1:13. As far the other Judas was concerned, there is some more confusion, since he does not appear in Matthew and Mark, who only list a Thaddeus. Luke and the Acts listed him as Jude or Judas, the son of James, not Thaddeus. Are these two-different people or just two different names? Is this Jude Thaddeus like Simon Peter and Levi Matthew? Did he have both a Jewish and a Greek name?
Then there was
The son of Alphaeus,
καὶ Ἀνδρέαν καὶ Φίλιππον καὶ Βαρθολομαῖον καὶ Μαθθαῖον καὶ Θωμᾶν καὶ Ἰάκωβον τὸν τοῦ Ἁλφαίου καὶ Θαδδαῖον καὶ Σίμωνα τὸν Καναναῖον
This section about naming the 12 apostles is similar to Matthew, chapter 10:3-4, and Luke, chapter 6:14-16. This list can also be compared to the list in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 1:13. Except for Matthew and Andrew, the other 6 apostles are not mentioned by name elsewhere in the gospels. Andrew (καὶ Ἀνδρέαν), the brother of Simon, is first here, but without being called his brother. Then there was Philip (Φίλιππον), Bartholomew (καὶ Βαρθολομαῖον), Matthew (καὶ Μαθθαῖον), not called Levi, Thomas (καὶ Θωμᾶν), James, the son of Alphaeus (Ἰάκωβον τὸν τοῦ Ἁλφαίου), Thaddaeus (καὶ Θαδδαῖον), Simon the Cananaean (καὶ Σίμωνα τὸν Καναναῖον). Obviously, this Simon may have not been Jewish since he is called a Cananaean. Sometimes, this may have been a reference to the Zealots. In Mark 2:14, Levi or Matthew was called the son of Alphaeus as James is here. However, Thaddaeus was only listed by Matthew and Mark, while Luke and the Acts listed him as Jude or Judas, the son of James, not Thaddaeus. Are these two-different people or just two different names? Is this Jude Thaddeus like Simon Peter and Levi Matthew? Did he have a Jewish and a Greek name?