Esau gives up his birthright (Gen 25:29-25:34)

Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field, and he was famished.  Esau said to Jacob, ‘Let me eat some of that red stuff, for I am famished!’  Therefore he was called Edom.  Jacob said, ‘First sell me your birthright.’  Esau said, ‘I am about to die.  What use is a birthright to me?’  Jacob said, ‘Swear to me first.’ So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.  Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew.  He ate and drank, and rose and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright.”

One day when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field hungry.  He wanted to eat the red stew because he was famished.  Somehow his name is connected with Edom that seemed to have red clay.  Jacob, the wise one, asked for Esau’s birthright in exchange for the stew.  Esau thought that the birthright was worth nothing since he was dying of hunger.  Jacob made him swear to give his birthright to him in order to eat the stew.  Esau swore, ate the red lentil stew, and gave away his inheritance.  The motto of this story is to never negotiate on an empty stomach.