“The angel Gabriel
Came to her.
Full of grace!
The Lord is
καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη, ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ.
Luke said that this angel Gabriel came to Mary (καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν). He greeted her with the traditional Greek salutation “Hail” or “I am happy to see you” (Χαῖρε). She was the favored one or the one full of grace (κεχαριτωμένη). The “Lord is with you” (ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ) is an ancient Hebrew greeting found in Ruth, chapter 2:4, 2 Chronicles, chapter 15:2, Numbers, chapter 14:42, and 1 Samuel, chapter 17:37. The impact of this angelic greeting has had a profound effect on Christian prayer life. The famous simple popular prayer to Mary is often called the “Hail Mary” based on this passage. “Hail Mary! Full of grace! the Lord is with you!” This medieval 11th century Marian Latin prayer “Ave Maria” is the Latin translation of these Greek verses as found in the Latin Vulgate. The second line was “full of grace” or “gratia plena” and the third line was “Dominus vobiscum,” or the “Lord be with you.” This later phrase “Dominus vobiscum,” was and is also part of the ancient and contemporary Roman Catholic Eucharistic Mass service, as a priestly greeting to the congregation. These verses serve as the foundational biblical statements for the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, not Jesus.
“Now when Jesus
On the first day
Of the week,
He appeared first
To Mary Magdalene,
He had cast out
Ἀναστὰς δὲ πρωῒ πρώτῃ σαββάτου ἐφάνη πρῶτον Μαρίᾳ τῇ Μαγδαληνῇ, παρ’ ἧς ἐκβεβλήκει ἑπτὰ δαιμόνια.
Next, we have the longer ending of Mark that contains the appearances or apparitions of the risen Jesus that can be found in the other gospel stories. This too was an addition to the original ending, but it was in Greek, probably from the late second or early third century. It was included in the Latin Vulgate and the King James English version of the Bible, so that it is found in most Bibles today. This particular text is similar to Matthew, chapter 28:9, where Jesus appeared to the women as they were leaving the tomb. Luke, chapter 24:10, had the women tell the apostles about the resurrection, without Jesus appearing to them. In John, chapter 20:14-17, Mary Magdalene has a conversation with the risen Jesus. Clearly Mary Magdalene was involved in these incidents at the tomb. Here Mark said that the risen Jesus (Ἀναστὰς) first appeared to Mary Magdalene (ἐφάνη πρῶτον Μαρίᾳ τῇ Μαγδαληνῇ,) early on the first day of the week (δὲ πρωῒ πρώτῃ σαββάτου). In this unique text, it explicitly said that this was the Mary Magdalene that Jesus had cast out 7 demons from (παρ’ ἧς ἐκβεβλήκει ἑπτὰ δαιμόνια).
In the past century a number of scholarly editions of the Bible have appeared, such as the American Standard Version (1901), the Revised Standard Version (1952), the Jerusalem Bible (1966), the New American Bible (1970) and many more editions, including revisions of the King James Bible and on-line Internet Bibles, with many commentaries that can be found at the web site Bible Hub. All agreed on the New Testament. The question of which books belong to the Old Testament has been a sticking point. Most Protestant Bibles contain the thirty-nine books of the Hebrew canon, while Catholics use the Jewish Greek Septuagint that has seven other books that were also in the Latin Vulgate.