The Levites in charge of the treasury of the temple (1 Chr 26:20-26:24)

“Of the Levites, Ahijah had charge of the treasuries of the house of God and the treasuries of the dedicated gifts. The sons of Ladan, the sons of the Gershonites who belonged to Ladan, the heads of the families belonging to Ladan the Gershonite were in charge. The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and his brother Joel were in charge of the treasuries of the house of Yahweh. Among the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites, Shebuel the son of Gershom, son of Moses, was chief officer in charge of the treasuries.”

There seems to be a lot of Levites in charge of the treasuries of the house of Yahweh, the Temple. In fact, some commentators think that the Hebrew text is confusing. First, this biblical writer said that Ahijah was in charge of the treasury and the gifts. Ahijah was a common name that appeared with 6 different people. Perhaps this is a mistake for something like the brethren of Levites. Then the biblical author said that the sons of Ladan and the sons of Gershom were in charge of the treasury, in particular the sons of Jehieli, Zetham and his brother Joel. This is the only time that the names of Jehieli and Zetham ever appear in the biblical literature. Joel is, of course, a more common name, since 14 people have that name with the most famous being the prophet Joel. The Gershonites seem to be in charge. However, then there is a mention of the Kohathites and their 4 branches, the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites, with Shebuel, the grandson of Moses, in charge


The sons of Gershom (1 Chr 23:7-23:11)

“The sons of Gershom were Ladan and Shimei. The three sons of Ladan were Jehiel the chief, Zetham, and Joel. The three sons of Shimei were Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran. These were the heads of the fathers’ houses of Ladan. The sons of Shimei were Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei. Jahath was the chief. Zizah was second. However, Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became enrolled in a single family.”

This section is loosely based on Numbers, chapter 4. Gershom was the oldest son of Levi, the head of one of the three branches of the Levitical tribes. He had 2 sons, Libni and Shimei. However, here the first son is called Ladan. There were a lot of Levites with the name of Jehiel. However, this Jehiel was in charge of the treasures of the temple. Zetham and Joel just get mentioned as the brothers of Jehiel, twice. Shimei has 2 sets of sons, one set of 3 sons and then another of 4 sons. This Shelomoth seems to be over David’s treasures just like Jehiel. Haziel only appears here. This is the only mention of this Haran, although that was the name of a place also. In chapter 6 of this book, Jahath was the son of Libni or Ladan, not the son of Shimei as here. Zina and Zizah are interchangeable and only mentioned here. Jeush and Beriah seemed to form one separate clan.

The other descendents of Ephraim (1 Chr 7:24-7:27)

“Ephraim’s daughter was Sheerah, who built both Lower and Upper Beth-horon as well as Uzzen-sheerah. Rephah was his son, Resheph his son, Telah his son, Tahan his son, Ladan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son, Nun his son, Joshua his son.”

This genealogy is trying to get to Joshua son of Nun. I am not sure if there is enough generations to get there. Sheerah is a daughter of Ephraim who is never mentioned elsewhere. Neither is Uzzen-sheerah found elsewhere. Lower and Upper Beth-horon are in the northwest corner of Benjamin, about 10 miles northwest of Jerusalem, where a famous battle took place under Joshua, chapter 10. This would assume that the Ephraimites were in Canaan before the conquests of Joshua. (1) Rephah, (2) Resheph, and (3) Telah are only mentioned here, nowhere else. This (4) Tahan was a name mentioned earlier. There was a Levite (5) Ladan also. (7) Elishama and his father (6) Ammihud were mentioned as the leaders of the Ephraimites in Numbers, chapters 1, 2, 7, and 10. Of course, (9) Joshua and his father (8) Nun are frequently mentioned in the Exodus story and the book of Joshua, over 200 times. It took 9 generations to get from Ephraim to Joshua, 1 generation after Moses, while it only took 3 generations to get from Levi to Moses, 1 generation older than Joshua.