The punishment of Moab (Ezek 25:9-25:11)

“Therefore,

I will lay open

The flank of Moab.

I will lay it open

From the towns

On its frontier,

The glory of the country,

Beth-jeshimoth,

Baal-meon,

Kiriathaim.

I will give it,

Along with the Ammonites,

To the people of the East

As a possession.

Thus Ammon

Shall be remembered

No more

Among the nations.

I will execute

Judgments

Upon Moab.

Then they will know

That I am Yahweh.”

Yahweh, via Ezekiel, said that the future of Moab was closely tied to Ammon. They would both suffer the same result, being captured by the people from the East. The flanks or boundaries of Moab would be laid open. Their border towns, their glorious cities would be captured, especially Beth-jeshimoth on the north, Baal-meon on the east, and Kiriathaim on the south. The western border was the Jordan River and the Dead Sea. No one would remember them, just like the Ammonites would not be remembered either. They would be wiped out, since Yahweh was going to execute his judgments on Moab. Thus, they too would finally realize that Yahweh was God.

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Judgment on the cities of Moab (Jer 48:21-48:25)

“‘Judgment has come

Upon the tableland,

Upon

Holon,

Jahzah,

Mephaath,

Dibon,

Nebo,

Beth-diblathaim,

Kiriathaim,

Beth-gamul,

Beth-meon,

Kerioth,

Bozrah,

And all the towns

Of the land

Of Moab,

Far and near.

The horn of Moab

Is cut off.

His arm is broken.’

Says Yahweh.”

Now Yahweh, via Jeremiah, issues his judgment against the Moab cities and towns. Interesting enough, the only other time two of these cities are named was in the book of Joshua, chapter 21,when they were assigned to the Levites living in the Reuben territory. Out of the four Levite towns mentioned there, two are mentioned here, Jahaz and Mephaath. In chapter 13 of Joshua, other cities were mentioned, Dibon, the capital city, Kiriathaim, and Beth-meon. Nebo was a Babylonian god, but could also be a place in Moab. Bozrah was in the southern part of Moab, while Beth-gamul was in eastern Moab. It is difficult to pin point the exact locations of Holon, Beth-diblathaim, and Kerioth. Actually this oracle proclaims that all the towns of Moab have been destroyed, since the horn of Moab and his arm have been broken and cut off. The towns are named explicitly here.

The towns of the Gershonites (1 Chr 6:71-6:76)

“To the Gershonites were given out of the half-tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with its pasture lands and Ashtaroth with its pasture lands. Out of the tribe of Issachar were given Kedesh with its pasture lands, Daberath with its pasture lands, and Ramoth with its pasture lands, and Anem with its pasture lands. Out of the tribe of Asher were given Mashal with its pasture lands, Abdon with its pasture lands, and Hukok with its pasture lands, and Rehob with its pasture lands.   Out of the tribe of Naphtali were given Kedesh in Galilee with its pasture lands, Hammon with its pasture lands, and Kiriathaim with its pasture lands.”

Here are the details about the towns given to the Gershonites, based on Joshua, chapter 21. From the half-tribe of Manasseh the Gershonites got 2 towns. 1 was the refuge town of (1) Golan as in Joshua, but the other was (2) Ashtaroth and not Beeshterah that was mentioned in Joshua. There were 4 towns given to the Gershonites from the tribe of Issachar, (1) Kedesh, (2) Daberath, (3) Ramoth, and (4) Anem. Only Daberath is the same as in Joshua. Here Kedesh takes the place of Kishion. Ramoth takes the place of Jarmuth. Anem takes the place of En-gannim. There were 4 from Asher, (1) Mashal, (2) Abdon, (3) Hukok, and (4) Rehob. Here 3 of the 4 are exactly the same as in Joshua. Only Hukok takes the place of Helkath, which sounds close enough. Finally the 3 towns of Naphtali were (1) Kedesh in Galilee, (2) Hammon, and (3) Kiriathaim. Kedesh is the same but there are differences as Hammon takes the place of Hammoth-dor, while Kiriathaim takes the place of Kartan in Joshua.