The obliteration of the name of the king of Nineveh (Nah 1:14-1:14)

To the king of Nineveh

“Yahweh has commanded

Concerning you.

‘Your name shall not be

Perpetuated no longer.

From the house

Of your gods

I will cut off

The craved image

With the cast image.

I will make your grave.

You are worthless.’”

Nahum announced that Yahweh had commanded that the name of the king of Assyria, probably King Sennacherib of Assyria (705-681), would not be perpetuated any longer.  The various carved images and cast mold idols would be cut off from the house of their gods.  Yahweh was going to make a grave for the king and all his idols, because they were all worthless.

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Against the Assyrians (Nah 1:11-1:11)

To the Assyrians

“From you,

One has gone out

Who plots evil

Against Yahweh.

He counsels wickedness.”

In this prophecy, Nahum warned the Assyrians against the one who was plotting evil and counseling wickedness.  This one might be King Sennacherib, the king of Assyria from 705-681 BCE.

The deadly sickness of King Hezekiah (Isa 38:1-38:1)

“In those days,

King Hezekiah became sick.

He was at the point of death.

The prophet Isaiah,

Son of Amoz,

Came to him.

Thus says Yahweh.

‘Set your house in order.

You shall die.

You shall not recover.’”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 20. There is some kind of vague time indication with “in those days.” This section may have preceded the invasion of King Sennacherib. King Hezekiah became so sick that he was dying. The prophet Isaiah came to him and told him that Yahweh had said that he should get his house in order because he was not going to recover, but rather die.

Yahweh knows everything (Isa 37:28-37:29)

“I know your rising up.

I know your sitting down.

I know your going out.

I know your coming in.

I know your raging against me.

Because you have raged against me,

Your arrogance has come to my ears.

I will put my hook in your nose.

I will put my bit in your mouth.

I will turn you back on the way

By which you came.”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 19. Yahweh knew about the Assyrian king’s comings and goings, as well as his rising and falling. He also had heard about his rage and rant against him. Yahweh was going to put a hook on his nose and a bit in his mouth like a horse. King Sennacherib was going to go back the same way that he came.

 

The response of Yahweh (Isa 37:26-37:27)

“Have you not heard

That I determined it long ago?

I planned from days of old,

What now I bring to pass.

You should make fortified cities.

You should crash into heaps of ruins,

While their inhabitants,

Shorn of strength,

Are dismayed as well as confounded.

They have become

Like plants of the field,

Like tender grass,

Like grass on the housetops,

Blighted before it is grown.”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 19. Yahweh reminded King Sennacherib that he had allowed him to capture fortified cities, create ruins, and confuse and confound people. These people have become like plants in the field, tender grass or grass thatched houses.

The oracle of Yahweh against the Assyrian king (Isa 37:22-37:25)

“This is the word

That Yahweh

Has spoken

Concerning King Sennacherib.

‘She despises you.

She scorns you.

Virgin daughter Zion!

She tosses her head

Behind your back.

Daughter Jerusalem!

Whom have you mocked?

Whom have you reviled?

Against who have you raised your voice?

Against who have you haughtily lifted your eyes?

Against the Holy One of Israel!

By your messengers,

You have mocked Yahweh.

You have said.

‘With my many chariots,

I have gone up to

The heights of the mountains,

To the far recesses of Lebanon.

I felled its tallest cedars,

Its choicest cypresses.

I came to its remotest heights,

Its densest forest.

I dug wells.

I drank foreign waters.

I dried up with the sole of my foot

All the streams of Egypt’”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 19. In very poetic words, Isaiah speaks for Yahweh. Judah was his daughter Zion as well as his daughter Jerusalem, his favorite spot. King Sennacherib has mocked, reviled, raised his voice, and lifted up his eyes against the Holy One of Israel. He even sent messengers mocking Yahweh. He has bragged about his mighty exploits with chariots in mountains, trees, wells, and streams.

 

Yahweh hears King Hezekiah via Isaiah (Isa 37:21-37:21)

“Then Isaiah,

Son of Amoz,

Sent to King Hezekiah,

Saying.

‘Thus says Yahweh,

The God of Israel.

You have prayed to me

Concerning King Sennacherib of Assyria.’”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 19. Isaiah will interpret the word of Yahweh. He sent word to King Hezekiah that Yahweh had heard his prayer about King Sennacherib. This is good news for King Hezekiah.