The son of Hosea is called Jezreel (Hos 1:3-1:5)

“Gomer conceived.

She bore him a son.

Yahweh said to him,

‘Name him Jezreel!

In a little while,

I will punish

The house of Jehu

For the blood of Jezreel.

I will put an end

To the kingdom

Of the house of Israel.

On that day,

I will break

The bow of Israel

In the valley of Jezreel.’”

Gomer then conceived and bore a son. Yahweh, spoke directly to Hosea. He told him to name his son, Jezreel, meaning that God sows. All the children of this union between Hosea and Gomer will have symbolic prophetic names. In a little while, Yahweh was going to punish the house of Jehu, who had been king nearly a century earlier in 841-814 BCE. The current king of Israel, King Jeroboam II (783-743 BCE) was a descendant of King Jehu. Jezreel was also the name of the royal palace where King Jehu had killed the descendants of King Omri (885-874 BCE). The dynasty of King Jehu actually ended with the son of King Jeroboam II, King Zachariah in 743 BCE, after the death of King Jeroboam. Yahweh also said that the house of Israel would come to an end, which it did in 724 BCE. Thus, Yahweh was going to break the bow of Israel in Jezreel, the northern royal palace. Jezreel was also the name of the valley of Megiddo. The so-called history of the northern Israelite kings, especially King Jehu, can be found in 2 Kings, chapters 9-10.

The Rechabites (Jer 35:2-35:2)

“Go to the house

Of the Rechabites!

Speak with them!

Bring them

To the house of Yahweh,

Into one of the chambers!

Then offer them wine

To drink!’”

This short chapter is all about the Rechabites. They get their name from Rechab, who was mentioned in 1 Chronicles, chapter 2, listed under the descendants of Hur. They seem to be descendants of Hammath, a northern city, or Hemath, a Kenite, who was also called Hobab. The Rechabites were not descendants of Jacob, but Kenites, a people originally settled in that part of Arabia called the land of Midian. They may have been the descendants of Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, who was a Kenite. Thus these Rechabites were not true Israelites, but were friendly to the Israelites. They were generally nomads in the desert, living in tents. The most prominent Rechabite may have been Jehonadab or Jonadab, the son of Rechab, in 2 Kings, chapter 10, where he joined with King Jehu of Israel (841-814 BCE) in helping wipe out the family of King Ahab of Israel (874-853 BCE). Yahweh told Jeremiah to go to their house, talk to them, and bring them back to the Temple in Jerusalem. There he was to find a chamber in the Temple and offer these Rechabites some wine. This seems like a simple task.

The murder of Jezebel (2 Kings 9:30-9:37)

“When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it. She painted her eyes and adorned her head. She looked out of the window. As Jehu entered the gate, she said. ‘Is it peace, Zimri, murderer of your master?’ He looked up to the window and said. ‘Who is on my side? Who?’ Two or three eunuchs looked out at him. He said. ‘Throw her down.’ So they threw her down. Some of her blood spattered on the wall and on the horses, which trampled on her. Then he went inside. He ate and drank. He said. ‘See to that cursed woman. Bury her. She is a king’s daughter.’ But when they went to bury her, they found no more of her than her skull, her feet, and the palms of her hands. When they came back and told him, he said. ‘This is the word of Yahweh, which he spoke by his servant Elijah the Tishbite. In the territory of Jezreel the dogs shall eat the flesh of Jezebel. The corpse of Jezebel shall be like dung on the field in the territory of Jezreel, so that no one can say. This is Jezebel.’”

Once again, we see the continuation of the prophecy of 1 Kings, chapter 21, of Elijah. The death of Jezebel is not a pretty sight. She got all dressed up with make up on as she awaited Jehu. See, female make up is over 2,500 years old. When he arrived, she had the same question as her son, “Is this peace?” Jehu was clear. He wanted to know if anyone sided with him. 3 eunuchs looked out, so he told them to throw her down. They threw her out of the window. She was trampled to death by horses with her blood scattered all over the place. Then King Jehu calmly had a dinner. Afterwards he told his men to bury her. However, the only thing left was her skull, her feet, and her hands. When they came back to tell Jehu, he said that it was nothing more than the completion of the oracle of Elijah. So Jezebel met a tragic, brutal, bloody ending, the wife and mother of the kings of Israel. Who is next? Jehu has killed the kings of Israel and Judah, as well as their mother and their great aunt.

The murder of King Ahaziah (2 Kings 9:27-9:29)

“When King Ahaziah of Judah saw this, he fled in the direction of Beth-haggan. Jehu pursued him, saying. ‘Shoot him also.’ They shot him in the chariot at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. Then he fled to Megiddo. He died there. His officers carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem. They buried him in his tomb with his ancestors in the city of David. In the eleventh year of King Jehoram son of King Ahab, King Ahaziah began to reign over Judah.”

King Ahaziah of Judah took off when he saw what had happened to his uncle. Beth-haggan is never mentioned elsewhere but Ibleam is in Issachar territory. It is strange that he fled north when Judah was south. Jehu had his men shoot King Ahaziah with a bow and arrow. He was wounded but died in Megiddo in northern Manasseh. However, they carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, where he was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. There seems to be some sort of correction about when King Ahaziah took over as king as outlined in chapter 8.