The prophecy of success (2 Chr 18:9-18:11)

“Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah were sitting on their thrones, arrayed in their robes. They were sitting at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria. All the prophets were prophesying before them. Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made for himself horns of iron. He said. ‘Thus says Yahweh. ‘With these you shall gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.’ All the prophets were prophesying the same and saying. ‘Go up to Ramoth-gilead and triumph. Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king.’”

Once again, this is word for word from 1 Kings, chapter 22. Most of the great discussions took place at the gate to the town. The 2 kings sat on their thrones listening to the prophets of Queen Jezebel of Israel proclaim that Yahweh would guarantee success for this battle. This prophet Zedekiah is not to be confused with the later King Zedekiah. He made horns of iron that showed how the Arameans would be destroyed. These horns symbolized the victory of the 2 kings. These were common war instruments worn on the head to show how fierce you were. The 400 prophets saw nothing but success.

 

The prophets of Jezebel (2 Chr 18:4-18:8)

“King Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel. ‘Inquire first for the word of Yahweh.’ Then the king of Israel gathered together the prophets, four hundred of them. He said to them. ‘Shall we go to battle against Ramoth-gilead, or shall I refrain?’ They said. ‘Go up! God will give it into the hand of the king.’ But King Jehoshaphat said. ‘Is there no other prophet of Yahweh here of whom we may inquire?’ The king of Israel said to King Jehoshaphat. ‘There is still one other by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah son of Imlah. But I hate him. He never prophesies anything favorable about me, but only disaster.’ King Jehoshaphat said. ‘Let the king not say such a thing.’ Then the king of Israel summoned an officer. He said. ‘Bring quickly Micaiah son of Imlah.’”

One again, we are dependent practically word for word on 1 Kings, chapter 22. King Jehoshaphat of Judah wanted to consult with the prophets before going to battle. Now the prophets in Israel were the friendly prophets of Queen Jezebel, the wife of King Ahab. They were not exactly Yahweh prophets. They agreed that it would be a good idea to go to battle. King Jehoshaphat was still not convinced and wanted another opinion. He wanted a prophet of Yahweh. King Ahab said that there was this negative prophet Micaiah but he always brought bad news. Nevertheless, he summoned him to come to the king.

The prophet Micaiah reports to King Ahab (1 Kings 22:15-22:18)

“When Micaiah had come to the king, the king said to him. ‘Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall we refrain?’ He answered him. ‘Go up and triumph. Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king.’ But the king said to him. ‘How many times must I make you swear to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?’ Then Micaiah said. ‘I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains, like sheep that have no shepherds. Yahweh said. ‘These have no master. Let each one go home in peace.’ The king of Israel said to King Jehoshaphat. ‘Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy anything favorable about me, but only disaster?’”

Micaiah repeated what the other prophets had said. This should have pleased King Ahab. However, King Ahab wanted him to speak the truth, recognizing that he was mocking the other prophets. Micaiah then said that Israel would be scattered on the mountains, like sheep without a shepherd. They would not have any leader. Thus they would return home in peace. This was a strange response. Since he appeared to favor the prophets until King Ahab told him to tell the truth in the name of Yahweh. Then Micaiah said that the Israelites would be scattered without a leader. King Ahab told King Jehoshaphat that he told him that this prophet would not say anything good about him. Strangely, it is not Elijah, who King Ahab had some problems with but this Micaiah, who does not appear elsewhere in the biblical literature. He is not the biblical prophet Micah, who appears later in his own work.

The four hundred prophets prophesize about success (1 Kings 22:10-22:12)

“Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah were sitting on their thrones, arrayed in their robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria. All the prophets were prophesying before them. Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made for himself horns of iron. He said. ‘Thus says Yahweh. ‘With these you shall gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.’ All the prophets were prophesying the same and saying. ‘Go up to Ramoth-gilead and triumph. Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king.’”

Most of the great discussions took place at the gate to the town. The 2 kings sat on their thrones listening to the prophets of Jezebel proclaim that Yahweh would guarantee success for this battle. This prophet Zedekiah is not to be confused with the later King Zedekiah. He made horns of iron that showed how the Arameans would be destroyed. The 400 prophets saw nothing but success

The prophets of Jezebel (1 Kings 22:5-22:9)

“But King Jehoshaphat also said to the king of Israel. ‘Inquire first for the word of Yahweh.’ Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred of them. He said to them. ‘Shall I go to battle against Ramoth-gilead, or shall I refrain?’ They said. ‘Go up. Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king.’ But King Jehoshaphat said. ‘Is there no other prophet of Yahweh here of whom we may inquire?’ The king of Israel said to King Jehoshaphat. ‘There is still one other man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah son of Imlah, but I hate him. He never prophesies anything favorable about me, but only disaster.’ Jehoshaphat said. ‘Let the king not say such a thing.’ Then the king of Israel summoned an officer and said. ‘Bring quickly Micaiah son of Imlah.’”

King Jehoshaphat of Judah wanted to consult with the prophets before going to battle. Now the prophets in Israel were the friendly prophets of Jezebel. They were not exactly Yahweh prophets. They agreed that it would be a good idea to go to battle. King Jehoshaphat was still not convinced and wanted another opinion. He wanted another prophet of Yahweh. King Ahab said that there was this negative prophet Micaiah but he always brought bad news. Nevertheless, he summoned him to come to the king.