Victory over the Arameans (1 Chr 19:16-19:19)

“But when the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the Euphrates. Shobach was the commander of the army of King Hadadezer at their head. When King David was informed, he gathered all Israel together. He crossed the Jordan and came to them. He drew up his forces against them. When King David set the battle in array against the Arameans, they fought with him. The Arameans fled before Israel. King David killed seven thousand Arameans charioteers and forty thousand horsemen. He killed Shobach the commander of their army. When the servants of King Hadadezer saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with King David. They became subject to them. So the Arameans were not willing to help the Ammonites anymore.”

Once again, this biblical chronicler followed 2 Samuel, chapter 10. This seems like the same battle as was in chapter 18 of this work with a slightly different twist. In other words, here they will no longer help the Ammonites because of this defeat. Here there is a leader of Hadadezer’s army named Shobach. There is no mention of Helam here, which was mentioned in 2 Samuel. The results are the same, a great victory for King David. The numbers are staggering. Here King David kills 7,000 charioteers and not merely 700 chariot teams. He also killed 40,000 horsemen, while in chapter 18 it was 1,700 chariot men and 20,000 foot soldiers. No matter which number you take, it was a crushing defeat. He killed Shobach. Thus there was peace with the people of the north, the Arameans from Syria, as they became subject to King David.

King David accepts the gifts of King Toi (1 Chr 18:9-18:11)

When King Toi of Hamath heard that King David had defeated the whole army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, King Toi sent his son Hadoram to King David, to greet him. He wanted to congratulate him because he had fought against King Hadadezer and defeated him. King Hadadezer had often been at war with King Toi. King Toi sent all sorts of articles of gold, silver, and bronze. These also King David dedicated to Yahweh, together with the silver and gold that he had carried off from all the nations, from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek.”

Once again, this biblical chronicler is following 2 Samuel, chapter 8. King Toi of northern Syria in Hamath was happy to hear that David had defeated his enemy in southern Syria, King Hadadezer. He sent his son Hadoram, although he was called Joram in the 2 Samuel story, to King David with silver, gold and bronze. All the tribute that King David got from all his victories, he dedicated to Yahweh.