“Now the rest of the acts of King Jehoahaz and everything that he did, including his power, are they not written in the Book of the Annals of the Kings of Israel? So King Jehoahaz slept with his ancestors. They buried him in Samaria. Then his son King Joash succeeded him.”
Once again, for further information check your lost “Book of the Annals of the Kings of Israel.” Like his predecessors, he died and was buried in Samaria. There is no indication of what kind of death he endured. Guess what? Hi son was named Joash, the same name as King Joash of Judah who ruled until 796 BCE.
“In the twenty-third year of King Joash son of Ahaziah, of Judah, King Jehoahaz son of King Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria. He reigned seventeen years. He did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh. He followed the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, by which he caused Israel to sin. He did not depart from them.”
Since King Joash in Judah ruled for 40 years, there will be a lot of changes in Israel. Notice that the kings in Israel almost have the same names. Just like the problem with the names Jehoram and Ahaziah. You can go back to chapter 10 to learn about King Jehu his father. King Jehoahaz ruled for 17 years, not that long, near the end of the reign of King Joash in Judah, so that they both die in the early 8th century BCE. We are now about 100 years removed from Solomon so that the split between Judah and Israel seems permanent. King Jehoahaz followed the evil ways of the Israelite founder King Jeroboam.
“Then priest Jehoiada took a chest. He made a hole in its lid. Then he set it beside the altar on the right side as one entered the house of Yahweh. The priests who guarded the threshold put in it all the money that was brought into the house of Yahweh. Whenever they saw that there was a great deal of money in the chest, the king’s secretary and the high priest came up. They counted the money that was found in the house of Yahweh and tied it up in bags. They would give the money that was weighed out into the hands of the workers who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh. Then they paid it out to the carpenters and the builders who worked upon the house of Yahweh. They paid it out to the masons and the stonecutters. They would buy timber and quarried stone for making repairs on the house of Yahweh. This would take care of any other outlay for the repairs of the house. But for the house of Yahweh no one made basins of silver, snuffers, bowls, trumpets, or any vessels of gold, or of silver, from the money that was brought into the house of Yahweh. The donated money was given to the workers who were repairing the house of Yahweh with it. They did not ask an accounting from those men into whose hand they delivered the money to pay out to the workers. They dealt honestly. The money from the guilt offerings and the money from the sin offerings were not brought into the house of Yahweh. It belonged to the priests.”
Jehoiada, the priest, had an idea to leave a chest with a hole in top on the right side of the altar. All the money that was given to the temple went into this chest. Thus we have the first instance of a collection basket placed at the altar. When the money chest got full, the secretary and the high priest came in and counted the money and put it into bags. So far this sounds like a good idea. Then they gave the money to the people who had the oversight of the repairs. They were to pay the workers and materials for this work. However, no money was spent on the basins, gold and silver vessels, or trumpets. There also was no accounting for the money. They just acted in good faith. However, the guilt offerings and sin offering money went directly to the priests.
“King Joash said to the priests. ‘Let the priest have all the money offered as sacred donations that is brought into the house of Yahweh. Let them have as well the money that each man is assessed, the money from the assessment of persons, and the money from the voluntary offerings brought into the house of Yahweh. Let the priests receive from each of the donors. Let them repair the house wherever any need of repairs is discovered.’ But by the twenty-third year of King Joash the priests had made no repairs on the house. Therefore King Joash summoned the priest Jehoiada with the other priests. He said to them. ‘Why are you not repairing the house? Now therefore do not accept any more money from your donors, but hand it over for the repair of the house.’ So the priests agreed that they would neither accept money from the people, nor repair the house.”
King Joash had a special relationship to the priests and the temple because of his early upbringing. He wanted all the money that was brought to the temple in offerings, as well as the personal assessment of funds and the voluntary offerings to go to the priests of the temple so that the house of Yahweh, the temple, could be repaired when it was needed. However, when he was 30, after 23 years of waiting for repairs, none had been done. Then he summoned his old master the priest Jehoiada with the other priests. He said that they were to take no more money until the repairs are done. The priests, however, said, we will not take any more money, but we will not repair the temple either.
“When Queen Athaliah, King Ahaziah’s mother, saw that her son was dead, she set about to destroyed all the royal family. But Jehosheba, King Jehoram’s daughter, King Ahaziah’s sister, took Joash son of King Ahaziah. She stole him away from among the king’s children who were about to be killed. She put him and his nurse in a bedroom. Thus she hid him from Queen Athaliah, so that he was not killed. He remained with her six years, hidden in the house of Yahweh, while Queen Athaliah reigned over the land.”
Queen Athaliah was the granddaughter of King Omri of Israel, the daughter of King Ahab and Jezebel. She had married King Jehoram of Judah. Their son, Ahaziah was the king of Judah, who had been killed by King Jehu. She decided to kill off all the heirs to the throne. This seems strange since this might include her own children and grandchildren. Jehosheba was the daughter of King Jehoram and thus the sister of King Ahaziah. There is speculation that her mother might not have been Queen Athaliah. However, she married a high priest, which was very unusual. She stole the young son of her brother, Joash with his nurse. She hid him in the temple of Yahweh, while Queen Athaliah ruled Judah.