“When the Arameans had withdrawn, leaving King Joash severely wounded, his servants conspired against him because of the blood of the son of the priest Jehoiada. They killed him on his bed so that he died. They buried him in the city of David, but they did not bury him in the tombs of the kings. Those who conspired against him were Zabad son of Shimeath the Ammonite, and Jehozabad son of Shimrith the Moabite. Accounts of his sons, and of the many oracles against him, as well as the rebuilding of the house of God are written in the Commentary on the Book of the Kings. His son Amaziah succeeded him.”
This section explains in detail what is mentioned in 1 Kings, chapter 12, about the tragic sudden death of King Joash. There it simply says that there was a revolt by his servants that killed him. There, without giving any details, his servants rose up against him. Led by Jozacar and Jehozabad, they killed him. There King Joash was killed at the Millo or fortress that goes to Silla, while here he is killed in his bed. Here there is a simple explanation. This act was to revenge the death of Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, the old high priest. Here the names of those who killed him were Zabad and Jehozabad, as Jozacar has become Zabad. Notice that they were Ammonites and Moabites, not people from Judah. However, they buried him in Jerusalem, but not in the tomb of the kings where Jehoiada was buried. His son King Amaziah took over after him, so this was not a dynasty revolution, put a personal one. If you want more information about King Joash, the lost “Commentary on the Book of Kings” would be helpful. Here is the first mention of the biblical Book of Kings that this biblical writer was revising. It no longer is the lost book about the annals of the kings of Judah.
“King Jehoshaphat built fortresses and storage cities in Judah. He carried out great works in the cities of Judah. He had soldiers, mighty warriors in Jerusalem. This was the muster of them by ancestral houses. The commanders of thousands in Judah were Adnah the commander, with three hundred thousand mighty warriors. Next to him was Jehohanan the commander, with two hundred and eighty thousand. Next to him was Amasiah son of Zichri, a volunteer for the service of Yahweh, with two hundred thousand mighty warriors. From Benjamin, Eliada was a mighty warrior with two hundred thousand men armed with bow and shield. Next to him was Jehozabad with a hundred and eighty thousand armed for war. These were in the service of the king, besides those whom the king had placed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.”
King Jehoshaphat built fortresses around the cities of Judah. He developed storage cities like King Solomon. However, he had a large army of over a million men. Each commander had a large group of people under their command. They were divided into the troops of Judah and Benjamin. Judah had 3 commanders, Adnah with 300,000 men, Jehohanan with 280,000 men, and Amasiah with 200,000 men. In Benjamin, Eliada had 200,000 men while Jehozabad had 180,000 men. That meant that his army had over 1,160,000 men. What a large army? This is twice the size of the army of his father, who only had a half million men. In fact, there were others that were in the fortified cities in Judah. This was clearly a military state. This is the only mention of these commanders, Adnah, Jehohanan, Amasiah, and Eliada, with a few mentions of other people with the same name of Jehozabad. There is no other mention of these leaders and their troops elsewhere in the biblical literature.
“Obed-edom had sons, Shemaiah the first-born, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, Sachar the fourth, Nethanel the fifth, Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, and Peullethai the eighth. God blessed him. To his son Shemaiah were sons born who exercised authority in their ancestral houses. They were men of great ability. The sons of Shemaiah were Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad, whose brothers were able men, Elihu and Semachiah. All these were the sons of Obed-edom with their sons and brothers. They were able men qualified for the service, sixty-two of Obed-edom.”
Obed-edom was the same man who had the Ark of the Covenant at his house before it came to Jerusalem in chapter 15. This is why it seems correct to say that he was a gatekeeper. He had 8 sons. Then his first-born son Shemaiah had 6 sons. There were 25 people with the name of (1) Shemaiah. There were 2 other people with the name of (2) Jehozabad. There are 3 other people with the name of (3) Joah. There was 1 other (4) Sachar. There were 9 other people with the name of (5) Nethanel. (6) Ammiel was the same name as the father of Bathsheba. There was only 1 other biblical person with the name of (7) Issachar, who was the son of Jacob. Thus he was one of the 12 tribes of Israel. This was the only mention of (8) Peullethai. As for Shemaiah’s son, this is the only mention of (1) Othni, (2) Rephael, and (6) Semachiah. There 4 others with the name of (3) Obed. There was 1 other (4) Elzabad. There were 4 other people with the name of (5) Elihu, the most famous in Job. All the sons and brothers of Obed-edom were gatekeepers, who amounted to about 62 men.