“In the one hundred seventieth year, the yoke of the gentiles was removed from Israel. The people began to write in their documents and contracts.
‘In the first year of Simon,
The great high priest and commander and leader of the Jews.’
Finally, in 142 BCE, the Jewish nation had independence after a 25-30 year struggle. They had a new calendar that began with the first year of Simon, the high priest and leader of the Jews, and not the first year of the Greek empire that now was in its 167th year. This was the new era that replaced the ending Seleucid era that had begun in 311 or 305 BCE under King Seleucus I.