The suffering servant and the will of Yahweh (Isa 53:10-53:12)

“Yet it was the will of Yahweh

To crush him with pain.

When you make his life

An offering for sin,

He shall see his offspring.

He shall prolong his days.

Through him

The will of Yahweh shall prosper.

Out of his anguish,

He shall see light.

He shall find satisfaction

Through his knowledge.

The righteous one,

My servant,

Shall make many righteous.

He shall bear their iniquities.

Therefore I will allot him

A portion with the great.

He shall divide the spoil

With the strong.

Because he poured out himself

To death.

He was numbered with the transgressors.

Yet he bore the sin of many.

He made intercession for the transgressors.”

Yahweh willed to crush his servant with pain. His life was an offering for sin, so that he would see his offspring and prolong his life. The will of Yahweh would see that he prospered. He would see the light and gain satisfaction from his knowledge. The ending for the suffering servant is that his life is prolonged with offspring, which seems different than the death with the wicked and the rich above. This righteous one would make others righteous people because he bears their iniquities. Thus he will be considered with the great ones. He will get the spoil because he gave of himself even to death. Although he was considered a transgressor, he bore the sins of many. He made intercession for the transgressors. The suffering servant seems to have a happy ending.

Another intercession of Moses (Ex 32:30-32:35)

“On the next day Moses said to the people, ‘You have sinned a great sin.  But now I will go up to Yahweh.  Perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.’  So Moses returned to Yahweh and said, ‘Alas, this people has sinned a great sin. They have made for themselves gods of gold.  But now, if you will only forgive their sin, but if not, blot me out of the book that you have written.’  But Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Whoever has sinned against me I will blot out of my book.  But now go, lead the people to the place about which I have spoken to you. See my angel shall go in front of you. Nevertheless, when the day comes for punishment, I will punish them for their sin.  Then Yahweh sent a plague on the people, because they made the calf, the one that Aaron made.”

The next day, Moses told them that they had sinned, a great sin.  Moses went up to Yahweh to atone for their sins.  Moses asked Yahweh to blot him out of his book.  Yahweh agrees to blot out those who sinned against him.  However, he wanted Moses to continue to lead the people on their journey.  Nevertheless, Yahweh sent a plague on the people because of the golden calf.

The intercession of Moses (Ex 32:11-32:14)

”But Moses implored Yahweh his God, and said, ‘Yahweh, why does your wrath burn hot against your people, whom you brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand?  Why should the Egyptians say, ‘It was with evil intent did he brought them out to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth?’ Turn from your fierce wrath.  Change your mind and do not bring disaster on your people.  Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, how you swore to them by your own self, saying to them, I will multiply your descendants like the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have promised I will give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’   Yahweh changed his mind about the disaster that he planned to bring on his people.”

Moses pleaded with Yahweh to temper his anger.  He said the Egyptians would only say that you brought them out of Egypt to kill them in the desert.  Now Moses turns the tables on Yahweh and tells him to remember his promises to Abraham, Isaac, Israel, and your servants.  The prayer or intercession of Moses is effective.  Finally, Yahweh changed his mind about the disaster that he planned to bring on the Israelites.