Until the 18th century, there never was any question about the historical validity of the Bible. Both Protestants and Catholics took it for granted that whatever the Bible said happened, actually happened. The only dispute was as to the meaning and significance of the stories. A new historical skepticism from the French Enlightenment and the German Rationalism began to question whether the events as described in the Bible ever took place. First there were questions about events in the Old Testament, about Adam and Eve, Abraham, and Moses. Then in the 19th century, the problem of Jesus and his miracles came into question.