“On that day,
The root of Jesse,
As a signal
To the peoples.
The nations shall inquire of him.
His dwelling shall be glorious.”
This new ideal king who is from the Davidic root of Jesse will stand as a signal to all people. Every country will inquire of him. He will be somewhat like King Solomon with his glorious palaces. Let the good times roll!
O judges of the ends of the earth!
You that rule over multitudes!
You boast of many nations!
Your dominion was given you
From the Lord.
He is your sovereignty
From the Most High.
He will search out your works.
He will inquire into your plans.”
There is a call to kings (βασιλεῖς) and judges (δικασταὶ) to listen, understand, and learn. The most powerful on earth have their sovereignty from the Lord (παρὰ τοῦ Κυρίου), the Most High God (παρὰ ῾Υψίστου). Once again, we have the divine right of kings as all power comes from God through the kings. God would search out and inquire about their works and plans.
“Then they gathered together. They went to Mizpah, opposite Jerusalem, because Israel formerly had a place of prayer in Mizpah. They fasted that day. They put on sackcloth and sprinkled ashes on their heads. They tore their clothes. They opened the book of the law to inquire into those matters about which the gentiles were consulting the images of their gods. They also brought the vestments of the priesthood, the first fruits, and the tithes. They stirred up the Nazirites who had completed their days.”
The troops of Judas Maccabeus assembled at Mizpah, where Samuel had gathered the Israelites for repentance in 1 Samuel, chapter 7. Mizpah was close to Jerusalem. Like at the time of Samuel, they fasted, put on sackcloth, and tore their clothes in repentance. The Jewish people consulted their book of the law rather than the images of the divine oracles of the Greek gentiles. They had a cultic experience by bringing the vestments of the priests, even though there was no mention of any Levite priests here. They also brought first fruits and tithes. It is difficult to see what they did with these things since the Temple at Jerusalem had been destroyed. They also stirred up the Nazirites who had finished their obligations. Obviously this revolutionary group was inspired by the Nazirite movement as outlined in Numbers, chapter 6.