The universal judgment (Jer 25:30-25:31)

“You!

Therefore,

Shall prophesy

Against them

All these words.

Say to them.

‘Yahweh will roar

From on high.

He will roar

From his holy habitation.

He will utter his voice.

He will roar mightily

Against his fold.

He will shout,

Like those who tread grapes,

Against all the inhabitants

Of the earth.

The clamor will resound

To the ends of the earth.

Yahweh has an indictment

Against the nations.

He is entering into judgment

With all flesh.

He will put the guilty

To the sword.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh told Jeremiah that he was to prophesy against all these people. He even told him what to say. He was to tell them that Yahweh roars from on high from his holy dwelling. He was going to shout, like those who are threading grapes, against all the people on earth. They would be able to hear him from the ends of the flat earth. Yahweh had an indictment and a judgment against all countries. He was going to put to death with the sword those who were guilty.

The vanity of hard work (Eccl 2:18-2:23)

“I hated all my toil

In which I had toiled under the sun.

I must leave it to

Those who will come after me.

Who knows

Whether they will be a wise or foolish?

Yet they will be

Master of all for which I toiled.

I used my wisdom under the sun.

This also is vanity.

So I turned about.

I gave my heart up to despair

Concerning all the toil of

My labors under the sun.

Sometimes one who has toiled with wisdom,

Toiled with knowledge,

Toiled with skill,

Must leave all to be enjoyed by another

Who did not toil for it.

This also is vanity.

This is a great evil.

What do mortals get from all the toil?

What do mortals gat from the strain

With which they toil under the sun?

All their days are full of pain.

Their work is a vexation.

Even at night

Their minds do not rest.

This also is vanity.”

Now Qoheleth addressed the problem of hard work. What is its value? He had been a hard working wise man, but he would have to leave all his work to those who would come after him. There was no telling if they would be wise or foolish, but still they would be in charge of all his things. He then realized that with all his wisdom under the sun, everything that he had accomplished was in vain. He then fell into despair, much like Job. He would not enjoy the fruit of his hard work. He had worked with wisdom, knowledge, and skill, but he had to leave the results of his work to be enjoyed by those who would not work hard. This is the problem with parents who work hard to see their children succeed, only to have them dissipate their life away. This painful useless work is a great evil. He wanted to know if there was a reward for this hard work. This work was nothing but a painful troubling vexation that kept him from sleeping at night. Hard work was useless, in vain, vanity itself. This is a very strong indictment against hard work.