Live or die (Jer 38:2-38:3)

“Thus says Yahweh!

‘Those who stay

In this city

Shall die

By the sword,

By famine,

Or by pestilence.

But those who go out

To the Chaldeans

Shall live.

They shall have their lives

As a prize of war.

They will live.’

Thus says Yahweh!

‘This city shall surely

Be handed over

To the army

Of the king of Babylon.

It shall be taken.’”

Jeremiah delivered an oracle of Yahweh that said that they had a choice, stay in the city and die or live by surrendering to the Babylonians. If they remained in the city of Jerusalem, they would die by the sword, famine, or pestilence, the 3 common ways of dying. However, they would live, if they surrendered to the Chaldeans. They would save their lives as a reward, thus a prize of war. This is practically identical to what was said in chapter 21. Jeremiah was clear. The city of Jerusalem was going to fall into the military hands of the king of Babylon, one way or another.

Shame my enemies (Ps 70:1-70:3)

To the choirmaster leader, a psalm of David, for the memorial offering

“Be pleased!

O God!

To deliver me!


Make haste to help me!

Anyone who seeks my life,

Let those be put to shame!

Anyone who seeks my life,

Let those be put to confusion!

Anyone who desires to hurt me,

Let those be turned back!

Anyone who desires to hurt me,

Let those be brought to dishonor!

Let those who say.

‘Aha, Aha!’

Turn back

Because of their shame.”

This short Psalm 70 is almost identical word for word to parts of Psalm 40. This a choral psalm of David that is associated with a sacrifice offering. David wanted Yahweh to deliver him or rescue him. He wanted it done quickly. This psalmist or David wanted his enemies put to shame and confusion. His enemies were those who were trying to kill and hurt him. He wanted them turned back and put to shame. These were the people who were taunting him. He wanted them shamed, pure and simple.