I appeal to Caesar! (Acts 25:11)

“Now if I am in the wrong

And have committed something

For which I deserve

To die,

I am not trying

To escape death.

But if there is nothing

To their charges

Against me,

No one can turn me

Over to them.

I appeal to the Emperor Caesar.”

εἰ μὲν οὖν ἀδικῶ καὶ ἄξιον θανάτου πέπραχά τι, οὐ παραιτοῦμαι τὸ ἀποθανεῖν· εἰ δὲ οὐδέν ἐστιν ὧν οὗτοι κατηγοροῦσίν μου, οὐδείς με δύναται αὐτοῖς χαρίσασθαι· Καίσαρα ἐπικαλοῦμαι.

The author of Acts indicated that Paul said if he was in the wrong (εἰ μὲν οὖν ἀδικῶ) and committed something (πέπραχά τι) for which he deserved to die (καὶ ἄξιον θανάτου), then he would not refuse to die (οὐ παραιτοῦμαι τὸ ἀποθανεῖν).  However, if there was nothing to their charges against him (εἰ δὲ οὐδέν ἐστιν ὧν οὗτοι κατηγοροῦσίν μου), no one can turn him over to them (οὐδείς με δύναται αὐτοῖς χαρίσασθαι).  He appealed to the Emperor Caesar (Καίσαρα ἐπικαλοῦμαι).  Paul agreed that the Roman civil authority had the right to put him to death, if he had done something against the Romans that deserved the death penalty.  He was not going to refuse the Romans or try to escape, if he was guilty.  However, there was nothing to the charges against him.  He was not going to let the governor turn him over to the Jerusalem Jews, where certain death awaited him.  Instead he was appealing to Cesar.  As a Roman citizen, he had the right to appeal any case against him, even though there was no verdict.  Paul felt that his chances with the Romans were much greater.  The Roman commander Lysias, and the two governors at Caesarea, Felix and Festus, had been fair to him.  This was not the case with the Jews from Asia Minor and from Jerusalem.  What do you think is fair?