The fleet of King Solomon’s ships (2 Chr 9:21-9:21)

“The king’s ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram. Once every three years the ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 1 Kings, chapter 10. Solomon had a fleet of ships that he shared with the Phoenicians, particularly Huram of Tyre. Tarshish was either in southern Spain, India or Africa. The Phoenicians were great sailors and would have helped King Solomon. Once every 3 years they would come in with a great haul of gold, silver, and ivory. For some reason they also brought back either live or dead animals, apes and peacocks.

 

The rebuilding of cities (2 Chr 8:1-8:2)

“At the end of twenty years, during which King Solomon had built the house of Yahweh and his own house, King Solomon rebuilt the cities which Huram had given to him. He settled the people of Israel in them.”

Based on 1 Kings, chapter 9, King Huram and King Solomon had been cooperating for 20 years, during the construction of the Temple and Solomon’s palace. The main difference between here and 1 Kings is who was giving the 20 cities to whom. In 1 Kings, Solomon wanted to give Hiram (Huram) 20 cities in Galilee, but Huram (Hiram) was upset because they were not very nice cities. Here, King Solomon rebuilt the cities he got from Huram. In 1 Kings, Hiram (Huram) sent a lot of gold, but that is not mentioned here.

The bronze work (2 Chr 4:11-4:18)

“Huram made the bronze pots, shovels, and basins. Thus Huram finished the work that he did for King Solomon on the house of God. He made the two pillars, the bowls, and the two capitals on the top of the pillars. He made the two lattice works to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars. There were four hundred pomegranates for the two lattice works, two rows of pomegranates for each lattice work, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were upon the pillars. He made the stands, and the basins on the stands, the one sea, and the twelve oxen underneath it. The pots, the shovels, the forks, and all the equipment for these, Huram-abi made of burnished bronze for King Solomon for the house of Yahweh. In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredah. King Solomon made all these things in great quantities, so that the weight of the bronze was not ascertained.”

Now Huram (Hiram) comes up with all the bronze work as in 1 Kings, chapter 7. Here it is Huram, not King Solomon who made all these bronze works. Huram built the 2 bronze pillars, with the tops or capitals on each one. He did the ornate lattice work. Their ornamentation included over 200 pomegranates and various flowers on each capital or top. On top of that he made 10 large basins to go on the bronze stands. Also he, not King Solomon, was responsible for the bronze sea with its 12 oxen bulls holding it up. Huram-abi was the artisan in charge even though King Solomon was the overseer of the total project. They used so much bronze that they were unable to weigh it.

The sons of Bela (1 Chr 8:3-8:5)

“Bela had nine sons, named Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram.”

Bela was the first born son of Benjamin. In the census in Numbers, chapter 26, Bela, the clan of the Belaites, listed only 2 sons, Ard and clan of the Ardites and Naaman, the clan of the Naamites. Here Bela has 9 sons and only (5) Naaman is the same. (1) Addar, the grandson of Benjamin, also was the name of a place on the Benjamin border with Judah. In Genesis, chapter 49, (2) (7) Gera was listed as a son of Benjamin, but here he is the grandson of Benjamin, and listed twice. Gera was the name of an ancestor of the 2nd judge Ehud, in Judges, chapter 3, as well as the name of the father of Shimei, the Benjamite, who cursed David when he fled from Absalom. (3) Abihud was also the name of another person in the Jesus genealogy of Matthew. The only other (4) Abishua was a grandson of Aaron. (6) Ahoah and (8) Shephuphan are only mentioned here. (9) Huram appears here but may be the same as Hiram, the king of Tyre and the artisan from Tyre at the time of David and Solomon.