“What shall I return to Yahweh
For all his bounty to me?
I will lift up the cup of salvation.
I will call on the name of Yahweh.
I will pay my vows to Yahweh
In the presence of all his people.
Precious in the sight of Yahweh
Is the death of his faithful ones.”
The psalmist wants to know what he can offer to Yahweh for all the goodness that he has shown him. He was going to lift up the cup of salvation and call on his name. This was picked up later by the Christians who emphasized this cup of salvation. He was going to pay his vows to Yahweh in the presence of all the people. He realizes that the faithful ones were precious in the sight of Yahweh.
Have heard my vows!
You have given me the heritage
Of those who fear your name.
Prolong the life of the king!
May his years endure to all generations!
May he be enthroned forever before God!
Appoint steadfast love
To watch over him.”
The psalmist or David said that God had heard his vows. He had a great heritage because he too feared God. However, he wanted the life of the king to be prolonged. If this was David, he was asking for his own life to be continued. The king would bring safety to all. The king should have steadfast love and faithfulness. Long live the king! This does not seem like the exile when there was not a king. Perhaps it was a longing for a king that was no more.