“He has raised up
A mighty savior
In the house
Of his servant David.”
καὶ ἤγειρεν κέρας σωτηρίας ἡμῖν ἐν οἴκῳ Δαυεὶδ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ,
Luke had Zechariah continue with his canticle of praise. Zechariah said that God had raised up a horn of salvation (καὶ ἤγειρεν κέρας σωτηρίας) or a mighty savior for them in the house of his servant David (ἡμῖν ἐν οἴκῳ Δαυεὶδ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ). This was a reference to the savior Jesus rather than to his son John. This horn of salvation was a common theme in the psalms, like in the victory Psalm 18:2, where God was David’s shield, his horn, his stronghold, and his savior. In Psalm 89:17-24 and Psalm 75:5, the psalmist glorified in his strength, since the horn was a symbol of strength. Clearly this strong savior was linked to the house of David.
A psalm of David
“Blessed be Yahweh!
He trains my hands for war.
He trains my fingers for battle.
I take refuge in him.
He subdues the peoples under me.”
Psalm 144 is a psalm of David as he prepared for a battle in a war. Yahweh was to be blessed because he was the rock of David. He trained his hands and fingers for war and its battles. Yahweh was his fortress, his stronghold, his deliverer, his shield, and his refuge. Yahweh would subdue the various people for David.
“A psalm of David
Yahweh is my light.
Yahweh is my salvation.
Whom shall I fear?
Yahweh is the stronghold of my life.
Whom shall I be afraid of?”
Once again, Psalm 27 is a psalm of David about deliverance. Who should he fear? Yahweh was his light, his salvation, and his stronghold. He had no one to fear because Yahweh was on his side. Yahweh was the light and salvation of David. Those in the light are saved. Who should he fear if Yahweh was on his side? There was no one else to fear. Yahweh was his stronghold or fortress, against all attacks.
“To the choirmaster leader, a psalm of David, the servant of Yahweh, who addressed the words of this song to Yahweh on the day when Yahweh delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.
‘I love you!
Yahweh is my rock.
Yahweh is my fortress.
Yahweh is my deliverer.
I take refuge in God.
Yahweh is my shield.
Yahweh is the horn of my salvation.
Yahweh is my stronghold.
I call upon Yahweh.
He is worthy to be praised.
I shall be saved from my enemies.’”
Psalm 18 is a very long psalm with a long introduction. It portrays the final victory of David against all his enemies, especially Saul. This is almost identical to the canticle or song of David in 2 Samuel, chapter 22. Thus it is a royal psalm of thanksgiving. These first few phrases, including the introduction, are almost word for word from 2 Samuel. What a beautiful introduction. He loved Yahweh. Yahweh, his God, was his strength, his rock, and his fortress in whom he took refuge. God was his shield, his horn, his stronghold, and his savior. David was saved from his enemies. Surely Yahweh was worthy to be praised.