John said “In his right hand (ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ χειρὶ αὐτοῦ), he held (καὶ ἔχων) seven stars (ἀστέρας ἑπτά). From his mouth (καὶ ἐκ τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ), came (ἐκπορευομένη) a sharp (ῥομφαία) two-edged (δίστομος) sword (ὀξεῖα). His face (καὶ ἡ ὄψις αὐτοῦ) was like the sun (ὡς ὁ ἥλιος) shining (φαίνει) with full force (ἐν τῇ δυνάμει αὐτοῦ).” Apparently, John did not use Daniel for this final description of the Son of Man. The seven stars could be the seven angels mentioned earlier. Although Isaiah talked about a sword from his mouth, Isaiah, chapter 49:2, there was no mention of a sharp two-edged sword. The sword from his mouth and the fiery eyes were warnings that the Son of Man might not be so gentle. It was common to speak of the face of God as like the sun shining in full force. After all, there has been a lot of sun worship among many pagan gods, especially in Egypt. No one, of course, had seen the face of God. People had seen Jesus Christ, but never mentioned a sun shining face. The Son of Man was like a glorified Jesus Christ, not like the human Jesus Christ. How do you picture the glorified Jesus Christ?
This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 15:17-19, but not in Luke. In John, chapter 19:2-3, there is something similar. Matthew said that these Roman soldiers stripped Jesus of his clothes (καὶ ἐκδύσαντες αὐτὸν). They put a scarlet robe on him (κοκκίνην περιέθηκαν αὐτῷ), a Roman soldier’s tunic. Thus, he might have looked like a king in a purple robe. Then they twisted some thorns into a crown (καὶ πλέξαντες στέφανον ἐξ ἀκανθῶν). They put this crown on his head (πέθηκαν ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς αὐτοῦ) like a Roman laurel or gold crown. They put a reed in his right hand (καὶ κάλαμον ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ αὐτοῦ) like a royal scepter. Then these Roman soldiers knelt before him (καὶ γονυπετήσαντες ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ) as they mocked him, saying “Hail! King of the Jews (ἐνέπαιξαν αὐτῷ λέγοντες Χαῖρε, Βασιλεῦ τῶν Ἰουδαίων)!” Then they spat on Jesus (καὶ ἐμπτύσαντες). They took the reed from his hand (εἰς αὐτὸν ἔλαβον τὸν κάλαμον) and struck him on the head (καὶ ἔτυπτον εἰς τὴν κεφαλὴν αὐτοῦ). They were mocking this pretended king of the Jews.
This last judgment section is unique to Matthew. Jesus said that all the gentile nations would be gathered before him (καὶ συναχθήσονται ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ πάντα τὰ ἔθνη). Then he would separate them from each other (καὶ ἀφορίσει αὐτοὺς ἀπ’ ἀλλήλων). Just like a shepherd separated the sheep from the goats (ὥσπερ ὁ ποιμὴν ἀφορίζει τὰ πρόβατα ἀπὸ τῶν ἐρίφων), he would place the sheep at his right hand (καὶ στήσει τὰ μὲν πρόβατα ἐκ δεξιῶν αὐτοῦ). Then he would place the goats at his left hand (τὰ δὲ ἐρίφια ἐξ εὐωνύμων). The divine judgment of Yahweh was a common biblical theme. Here it is the Son of Man who judges everyone. On the right side are the just righteous sheep, while on the left side are the wild or bad goats, a common generic theme. Good is to the right, just as right-handed people are good. Left-handed people are looked at with suspicion, as are left leaning policies.
Suddenly, after enticing Gog to attack the Israelite mountains, Yahweh struck back at him. Yahweh was going to knock the bow out of his left hand and, at the same time, he was going to have him drop the arrows from his right hand. Gog and his army were then going to fall in the mountains of Israel. Not just Gog, but all his troops and all the people with them would be given over to the birds of prey and the wild animals to be devoured in the open fields. There should be no doubt, because Yahweh God has spoken.
The king of Babylon stood at the fork in the road. He decided to use his forecasting skills of divination by shaking arrows, consulting the ancient household teraphim gods, and looking at sheep livers. Finally the lot of Jerusalem came into his right hand as he chose the road to Jerusalem. There he would call out for slaughter, raise the battle cry, set the battering rams against the gates, cast up ramps, and build siege towers. It might have seemed like a false divination for the people of Jerusalem. They had sworn solemn oaths. They had brought their guilt remembrance. They were about to be captured.
Second Isaiah calls Cyrus the anointed one, in Hebrew the Messiah, or in Greek the Christ. This is the only reference of an anointed person or a messiah who was not an Israelite. Cyrus, the King of Persia from 559-530 BCE, more than two centuries after the lifetime of Isaiah, was really a favorite of both Yahweh and the author of Second Isaiah. Cyrus the Great created the largest empire in the world with present day Iran the last vestige of that empire as he took over many countries. Second Isaiah continually insisted that Yahweh was behind Cyrus as he is clearly the anointed one of Yahweh. Yahweh has grasped his right hand, so that he could subdue various nations. Yahweh would help Cyrus strip kings of their robes. He would open doors for him, since no gates would be closed to Cyrus.
This short psalm ends with a beautiful expression of faith. David believed that even though he walked in the middle of trouble, Yahweh would protect him from his enemies. Yahweh would stretch out his right hand to deliver and save him. Yahweh would fulfill his promises with David because his steadfast love endures forever. David believed that Yahweh would not forsake the work of his hands.
The psalmist asked how he could sing a song about Yahweh when he was in a foreign land. If he had forgotten Jerusalem, his right hand should wither. His tongue should stick to the roof of his mouth. He was always going to remember Jerusalem as his greatest joy. He would never forget that wonderful place.
Psalm 110 is a short psalm of David, where Yahweh speaks directly to the king. This psalm has had a Christian messianic interpretation as the king is also a priest and a judge. Certain verses were often repeated in the New Testament writings. Yahweh says to the lord or king to sit at his right hand. Yahweh was going to make his enemies into his footstool.
This majestic king must ride on to victory. He must defend the cause of truth and the rights of all. His right hand does dreaded deeds. His sharp arrows are in the hearts of his enemies. Many people fall under him. He is a good looking dude who fights for justice and wins.