The sons of Elpaal (1 Chr 8:17-8:18)

“Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber, Ishmerai, Izliah, and Jobab were the sons of Elpaal.”

Elpaal had 7 sons. This Elpaal may be the same as the Benjaminite who had 3 sons, Eber, Misham, and Shemed, who built the cities of Ono and Lod. (4) Heber or Eber may be the same. However, the other 6 sons are different. There were 9 people with the name of (1) Zebadiah, while 21 different biblical people had the name of (2) Meshullam. Who would have guessed that this was a popular name? On the other hand, this is the only time that the names of (3) Hizki, (5) Ishmerai, and (6) Izliah appear. There were at least 3 other people with the name of (7) Jobab.

The sons of Beriah (1 Chr 7:31-7:32)

“The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malchiel, who was the father of Birzaith. Heber became the father of Japhlet, Shomer, Hotham, and their sister Shua.”

The children of Beriah were Heber and Malchiel according to Genesis, chapter 46, and Numbers, chapter 26, just as listed here. His descendants became the clan of the Heberites and the clan of the Malchielites. Somehow Beriah is more important since there is no mention of the children of his 3 brothers or sister. The son of Malchiel was Birzaith, who is mentioned here, but nowhere else in the biblical literature. Heber was the other son of Beriah who had 3 sons and 1 daughter. Japhlet just occurs here with his descendents. Shomer becomes Shemer in the next section. Hotham becomes Helem. There were 4 people with the name of Shua in biblical literature, 3 of them were female and one male.


Ezrah (1 Chr 4:17-4:18)

“The sons of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married. She conceived and bore Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. His Jewish wife bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.”

This is the only mention of Ezrah and his son Jalon in the biblical literature. There were 6 different people with the name of Jeter, the most famous being the Jether, who was the father of Amasa in 1 Kings, chapter 2. There appears to be 2 other people with the name of Epher, 1 a son of Midian in Genesis, chapter 25, and other in the Manasseh tribe later in this book. Mered is mentioned twice here because he married Bithiah, a daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh. They had 2 children, Ishbah, who is only mentioned here, and Shammai, which is the same name as a son of Onam and Rekem. Ishbah, however, became the father or founder of Eshtemoa, a Levite city in Judah, since probably his son founded this town. Ezrah married a Jewish woman and they had 3 children. Jered is a name mentioned earlier in this book. Gedor became the name of a place in the hills of Judah. There were 7 people named Heber in the biblical literature. This Heber is the founder of Soco, which is a city in Judah. Although this is the only mention of Jekuthiel, he founded another town in Judah called Zanoah.