Everyone is coming to Jerusalem (Isa 66:20-66:21)

“‘They shall bring all your kindred

From all the nations

As an offering to Yahweh.

They will come on horses.

They will come in chariots.

They will come in litters.

They will come on mules.

They will come on dromedaries.

They will come

To my holy mountain Jerusalem.’

Says Yahweh.

‘Just as the Israelites

Bring a grain offering

In a clean vessel

To the house of Yahweh,

I will also take some of them

As priests,

As Levites.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh proclaims how they would get to Jerusalem. They would come on horses, chariots, litter couches on poles, mules, and the one humped camel dromedaries. They would all come to Jerusalem. In fact, some of these kindred people might become priests or Levites of Yahweh.

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The hope for Zion (Isa 62:10-62:12)

“Go through!

Go through the gates!

Prepare the way for the people!

Build up!

Build up the highway!

Clear it of stones!

Lift up an ensign

Over the people!

Yahweh has proclaimed

To the ends of the earth.

Say to daughter Zion!

‘See!

Your salvation comes!

His reward is with him!

His recompense is before him.’

They shall be called.

‘The holy people!

The redeemed of Yahweh!’

You shall be called.

‘Sought out!

A city not forsaken.’”

Here we have a summary of all that had proceeded. The Israelites were to go through the gates in order to prepare a way for the others to come. They were to build up the highway and clear it of stones so that it would be a level road to walk on. They were to lift up a symbolic sign over the people. Yahweh has proclaimed to the ends of the earth that his daughter Zion will be saved. Zion was to receive their rewards and compensation. They were to be called the holy people, the people redeemed by Yahweh. They would be a city sought out and not forsaken. Jerusalem would be restored as a shining city on a hill.

Beautiful Mount Zion (Ps 48:1-48:3)

A song, a psalm of the Korahites

“Great is Yahweh!

Greatly to be praised

In the city of our God!

His holy mountain,

Beautiful in elevation,

Is the joy of all the earth.

Mount Zion is

In the far north,

In the city of the great king.

Within its citadels

God has shown himself

A sure defense.”

Psalm 48 is yet another of the 11 psalms of the sons of the Korah, like the preceding ones. There is a glorification of Mount Zion, the northern mountain in Jerusalem, where the Temple and the palace of David were built. Yahweh was great and thus greatly praised. His holy beautiful mountain was a joy to the whole world. This Mount Zion was in the far northern part of the city of the great king, the city of David. Within its walls, God had shown himself to be a great defender of this mountain.

Jerusalem shall be the light to the world (Tob 13:11-13:13)

“A bright light will shine to all the ends of the earth.

Many nations will come to you from far away.

The inhabitants of the remotest parts of the earth,

They will come to your holy name.

They will bear gifts in their hands.

For the King of heaven.

Generation after generation will give joyful praise in you.

The name of the chosen city will endure forever.

Cursed are all who speak a harsh word against you.

Cursed are all who conquer you.

Curses are all who pull down your walls.

Cursed are all who overthrow your towers.

Cursed are all who set your homes on fire.

Blessed forever will be all who revere you.

Go then!

Rejoice over the children of the righteous.

The righteous will be gathered together.

The righteous will praise the Lord of the ages.”

Jerusalem will be the light of the world. Every nation will come to Jerusalem. The people from the most remote part of the earth will come to Jerusalem. They will bring gifts to the king of heaven. For generations, people will give praise to this chosen city. However, people will be cursed who speak against Jerusalem. Anyone who tries to conquer it or pull down its walls will be cursed. People will be cursed who try to set fire to Jerusalem or overthrow its towers. The righteous people, on the other hand, will gather together in Jerusalem to praise the Lord of all ages.

 

The taking of Jerusalem (1 Chr 11:4-11:9)

“King David and all Israel went to Jerusalem that is Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. The inhabitants of Jebus said to David. ‘You will not come in here.’ Nevertheless King David took the stronghold of Zion, now the city of David. David said. ‘Whoever attacks the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander.’ Joab son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became the chief. King David resided in the stronghold. Therefore it was called the city of David. He built the city all around about from the Millo in a complete circuit. Joab repaired the rest of the city. King David became greater and greater, for Yahweh of hosts was with him.”

Next stop Jerusalem. There is no mention of how long King David spent in Hebron here. This section is based on 2 Samuel, chapter 5. In the presentation in 2 Samuel, there is a back and forth about the blind and lame being able to defeat David, which is not here in this presentation. Otherwise, it is pretty much the same. Obviously the city of Jerusalem is very important since it appears over 780 times in the biblical literature. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, dating back to 3,000 BCE, some 5,000 years ago, with many different names and inhabitants. It has a long and checkered history with the 3 major western religions of the book claiming it as their holy city. Jerusalem is about 20 miles north of Hebron, sitting on a plateau sometimes called Zion, about 18-24 miles from the Jordan River and some 30-35 miles from the Mediterranean Sea. This was the last stronghold held by the Jebusites. King David captured it fairly easily since there was not any mention of a big battle. The assumption was that the city was so fortified that anyone could defend it. That proved wrong. Thus it became the City of David, right on the border between Judah and Benjamin, the respective homes of King David and King Saul. The Millo was an old wall in the old part of the city. King David was blessed by Yahweh. Notice the city is already called the City of David. However, it seems to maintain its old name of the city of the Jebusites, Jerusalem. Joab, the son of David’s sister, Zeruiah took command of the troops because he was the first to attack Jerusalem.