Yahweh speaks to Joel (Joel 1:1-1:1)

“The word of Yahweh

Came to Joel,

The son of Pethuel.”

Like most prophets, the word of God came to Joel. The problem of dating when Joel was active as a prophet is difficult. Joel does not have a unique name, since it was a quite common name. He probably lived in Judah during the post-exilic Persian rule. He may have been a Temple prophet in the Second Temple times. Thus, putting him between 400-350 BCE does not seem out of place. His father was Pethuel, but this is the only time that his name appears in the biblical literature.

The oracle after the burning of the scroll (Jer 36:27-36:27)

“Now,

After the king

Had burned

The scroll

With the words

That Baruch wrote

At Jeremiah’s dictation,

The word of Yahweh

Came to Jeremiah.”

This oracle of Yahweh takes place after King Jehoiakim had burned the scroll dictated by Jeremiah and written by Baruch. The king had destroyed it page by page or column by column by burning it.