The descendants of Perez (Mt 1:3-1:4)

“Perez was

The father of Hezron.

Hezron was

The father of Aram.

Aram was

The father of Aminadab.

Aminadab was

The father of Nahshon,

Nahshon was

The father of Salmon,”

 

Φαρὲς δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἐσρώμ, Ἐσρὼμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀράμ,  Ἀρὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀμιναδάβ, Ἀμιναδὰβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ναασσών, Ναασσὼν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σαλμών,

 

The genealogical lineage of Judah went through Perez (Φαρὲς), not Zerah.  According to Genesis, chapter 46, Perez had 2 sons, Hezron (Ἐσρώμ) and Hamul. who went with Jacob to Egypt.  From 1 Chronicles, chapter 2, we learn about the linage of Hezron.  He had 3 sons, Jerahmeel, Aram (Ἀράμ), and Chelubai.  This Aram became the father of Aminadab (Ἀμιναδάβ).  Aminadab had a daughter, Elisheba, who married Aaron, the brother of Moses, in Exodus, chapter 6.  Aminadab was the father of Nahshon (Ναασσών), a famous warrior prince of Judah, especially in Numbers, chapter 7.  Nahshon became the father of Salma or Salmon (Σαλμών).  The Greek text used the term ‘begat’ (ἐγέννησεν) to represent the relationships between these 5 men.  However, it seems perfectly acceptable to simply call them the father instead of saying “fathered them.”

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The descendants of Perez (1 Chr 2:5-2:5)

“The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.”

This is based on Genesis, chapter 46. These were the 2 sons of Perez listed as going to Egypt with Jacob when he went with all his sons to be with Joseph. There is not information about Perez or his sons. Hezron is the same name as one of Reuben’s sons or the first cousin of Perez. The Hezronites are either derived from Reuben’s son or Perez’s son. This Hezron, the son of Perez, is mentioned in the genealogies of Jesus in both the Gospel of Luke and the Gospel of Matthew. This indicates the importance of Perez and Hezron. Hamul lead to the Hamulites, as indicated in Numbers, chapter 26. However, his name is only mentioned 3 times, here, Genesis, and Numbers.