Three months later (Hag 2:10-2:10)

“On the twenty-fourth day

Of the ninth month,

In the second year

Of King Darius,

The word of Yahweh

Came by the prophet Haggai.”

There was another oracle of Yahweh to Haggai, 3 months after the last oracle on the 24th of the month in the 2nd year of King Darius of Persia, in 520 BCE.

The splendor of the house of Yahweh (Hag 2:7-2:9)

“‘Thus,

The treasures

Of all the nations

Shall come.

I will fill this house

With splendor.’

Says Yahweh of hosts.

‘The silver is mine.

The gold is mine.’

Says Yahweh of hosts.

‘The latter splendor

Of this house

Shall be greater

Than the former.’

Says Yahweh of hosts.

‘In this place,

I will give prosperity.’

Says Yahweh of hosts.’”

These are 4 short quick sayings of Yahweh of hosts, via Haggai.  First, Yahweh said that the treasures of the various countries would come to him, as he was gong to fill his new house with splendor.  Secondly, the silver and gold already belonged to him.  Thirdly, Yahweh of hosts said that the splendor of the new house of Yahweh would be greater than the Temple built by David and Solomon.  Finally, there would be prosperity for all people around the Temple.

Yahweh shakes things up (Hag 2:6-2:6)

“Thus says Yahweh of hosts.

‘Once again,

In a little while,

I will shake the heavens.

I will shake the earth.

I will shake the sea.

I will shake the dry land.

I will shake all the nations.”

Yahweh said that he was going to shake things up in a little while.  He was going to shake up the heavens, the earth, the sea, the dry land, and all the countries in the world.

Take courage because Yahweh was with them (Hag 2:4-2:5)

“Says Yahweh!

‘Yet now take courage!

O Zerubbabel!

Take courage!

O Joshua!

Son of Jehozadak!

The high priest!

Take courage!

All you people

Of the land!’

Says Yahweh.

‘Work!

I am with you!’

Says Yahweh of hosts.

‘According to the promise

That I made you

When you came

Out of Egypt.

My Spirit abides

Among you!

Fear not.’”

Haggai used the same formula titles for all his oracles.  Everyone was to have courage, including Governor Zerubbabel, the high priest Joshua, and all the people of the land.  They were to get to work.  Yahweh was going to be with them, just as he helped them to come out of Egypt.  They were not to be afraid, because he had promised that his Holy Spirit would abide with them.

Who saw the original Temple? (Hag 2:2-2:3)

“Haggai said.

‘Speak now to Zerubbabel,

The son of Shealtiel,

The governor of Judah.

Speak now

To Joshua,

The son of Jehozadak,

The high priest.

Speak now

To all the remnant

Of the people.’

Say.

‘Who is left among you

That saw this house

In its former glory?

How does it look to you now?

Is it not in your sight

As nothing?’”

Haggai once again spoke to the people of Jerusalem with the same enumeration as in the preceding chapter, Governor Zerubbabel, the high priest Joshua, and the remnant of the people.  Haggai wanted to know who was there who remembered the old Temple, since they would have to be then 70 or 80 years old.  Who remembered the former glory?  How did it look now in ruins, as if it was nothing?

The second prophecy (Hag 2:1-2:1)

“In the second year

Of King Darius,

In the seventh month,

On the twenty-first day

Of the month,

The word of Yahweh

Came by the prophet Haggai.”

About a month later in the same year, on the 21st of the 7th month, the word of Yahweh came to the prophet Haggai again, maybe around the time of the feast of tents.

Haggai stirred up the spirits of the people of Jerusalem (Hag 1:14-1:15)

“Yahweh stirred up

The spirit of Zerubbabel,

The son of Shealtiel,

The governor of Judah.

Yahweh stirred up

The spirit of Joshua,

The son of Jehozadak,

The high priest.

Yahweh stirred up

The spirit of all the remnant

Of the people.

They came.

They worked

On the house

Of Yahweh of hosts,

Their God.

This was

On the twenty-fourth day

Of the month,

In the sixth month.”

Yahweh stirred up the spirits of the people of Jerusalem.  This included the 2 leaders, Governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua.  Once again, they were mentioned with their father’s name and title also.  All the rest of the people in Jerusalem were also stirred up.  Thus, they came to work on the house of Yahweh, their God, 23 days after Haggai had first spoken to them at the beginning of this chapter.

Haggai said that Yahweh was with them (Hag 1:13-1:13)

“Then Haggai,

The messenger of Yahweh,

Spoke to the people

With Yahweh’s message,

Saying.

‘I am with you,

Says Yahweh.’”

The prophet Haggai, who was a messenger from Yahweh, spoke to the assembled people of Jerusalem to reassure them that Yahweh was with them.  This reassurance or presence of Yahweh was his main message.

Everyone was to obey Haggai (Hag 1:12-1:12)

“Then Zerubbabel,

The son of Shealtiel,

With Joshua,

The son of Jehozadak,

The high priest,

With all the remnant

Of the people,

Obeyed the voice

Of Yahweh

Their God.

They obeyed

The words

Of the prophet Haggai.

Yahweh,

Their God,

Had sent him.

The people feared

Yahweh.’”

The rulers and the remaining people of Jerusalem gathered to hear the voice of Yahweh, via the prophet Haggai.  This included the governor of Judah, Zerubbabel, and the high priest Joshua, as mentioned earlier.  They would obey Haggai as the voice of Yahweh, since they feared Yahweh.  Yahweh had sent them Haggai as a prophet to speak in his name.

The drought (Hag 1:10-1:11)

“Therefore,

The heavens above you

Have withheld

The dew.

The earth has withheld

Its produce.

I have called

For a drought

On the land,

On the hills,

On the grain,

On the new wine,

On the oil,

On what the soil produces,

On human beings,

On animals,

On all their labors.’”

Haggai said that Yahweh was punishing them with a drought.  The heavens were withholding their dew from the high skies, while the earth was withholding its products from below the ground.  Yahweh had called for a drought on practically everything, including the land, the hills, the grain, the new wine, the oil, and whatever the soil produced, even on human beings and animals, including their work.