The response of Israel (2 Chr 10:16-10:19)

“When all Israel saw that the king would not listen to them, the people answered the king.

‘What share do we have in King David?

We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse.

Each of you to your tents, O Israel!

Look now to your own house, King David.’

So all Israel departed to their tents. King Rehoboam ruled over the Israelites who were living in the cities of Judah. When King Rehoboam sent Hadoram, who was his taskmaster over the forced labor, the Israelites stoned him to death. King Rehoboam hurriedly mounted his chariot to flee to Jerusalem. Thus Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.”

Once again, this is based almost word for word on 1 Kings, chapter 12. When the people of Israel heard King Rehoboam, they responded that he was not listening to them. They would have nothing to do with King David, the son of Jesse. Israel would go to its tents and not with the house of David. However, King Rehoboam was still in charge of the Israelites who lived in Judah. However, when he sent his taskmaster in charge of forced labor, Hadoram here and not Adoram as in 1 Kings, to Israel, they stoned him to death. Then King Rehoboam took off for Jerusalem. This split was so complete that it lasted until the writing of this biblical work as well as the book of 1 Kings. This split was never resolved.

King David accepts the gifts of King Toi (1 Chr 18:9-18:11)

When King Toi of Hamath heard that King David had defeated the whole army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, King Toi sent his son Hadoram to King David, to greet him. He wanted to congratulate him because he had fought against King Hadadezer and defeated him. King Hadadezer had often been at war with King Toi. King Toi sent all sorts of articles of gold, silver, and bronze. These also King David dedicated to Yahweh, together with the silver and gold that he had carried off from all the nations, from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek.”

Once again, this biblical chronicler is following 2 Samuel, chapter 8. King Toi of northern Syria in Hamath was happy to hear that David had defeated his enemy in southern Syria, King Hadadezer. He sent his son Hadoram, although he was called Joram in the 2 Samuel story, to King David with silver, gold and bronze. All the tribute that King David got from all his victories, he dedicated to Yahweh.

The descendents of Joktan (1 Chr 1:19-1:23)

“The name of Peleg’s brother was Joktan. Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the descendents of Joktan.”

Joktan seems important as he apparently had an Arab connection. The 13 sons of Joktan are mentioned here. 7 of them, (1) Almodad, (2) Sheleph, (3) Hazarmaveth, (4) Jerah, (5) Diklah, (6) Obal, and (7) Abimael are only mentioned here and in Genesis, chapter 10. They may be the founders of Arabian tribes or southern Arab towns. However, the other 6 names are mentioned elsewhere in the biblical literature. (8) Hadoram is the name of 2 other biblical persons. (9) Uzal is clearly in Yemen. (10) Sheba and (11) Havilah are the same names as descendents of Cush. (12) Ophir was a place of gold mines at the time of Solomon. (13) Jobab was the name of 3 other people. All these groups probably lived in the land near the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. Somehow the biblical authors of 2500-3000 years ago felt that this explained the world in which they lived, their world of the Middle East and the Mediterranean. They had no idea about people in eastern Asia, India, Southern Africa, and Northern Europe or of course the Americas.