The defeat of Babylon (Jer 51:38-51:40)

“‘Like lions,

They shall roar together.

They shall growl

Like lions’ whelps.

While they are inflamed,

I will set out their drink.

I will make them drunk,

Until they become merry.

I will make them sleep

A perpetual sleep.

They will never wake.’

Says Yahweh.

‘I will bring them down

Like lambs

To the slaughter,

Like rams,

Or like goats.’”

The mighty lion Babylon will no longer roar or growl. They will be reduced to young baby lions, whelps. They would get drunk and be merry until they fell into a perpetual sleep. Thus they will never wake up again. They will be like lambs, rams, and goats brought to the slaughter. They would not realize what hit them.

Advertisements

The vengeance on Babylon (Jer 51:34-51:37)

“‘Like lions,

They shall roar together.

They shall growl

Like lions’ whelps.

While they are inflamed,

I will set out their drink.

I will make them drunk,

Until they become merry.

I will make them sleep

A perpetual sleep.

They will never wake.’

Says Yahweh.

‘I will bring them down

Like lambs

To the slaughter,

Like rams,

Or like goats.’”

The mighty lion Babylon will no longer roar or growl. They will be reduced to young baby lions, whelps. They would get drunk and be merry until they fell into a perpetual sleep. Thus they will never wake up again. They will be like lambs, rams, and goats brought to the slaughter. They would not realize what hit them.

 

The howling dogs are back (Ps 59:14-59:15)

“Each evening

They come back.

They howl like dogs.

They are prowling about the city.

They roam about for food.

They growl if they do not get their fill.”

Just like verses 6-7 of this psalm, the howling dogs are back prowling the city. This time they are looking for food. They growl until they filled. Thus the common term of enemies is they are like a pack of growling dogs.

The evening howling dogs (Ps 59:6-59:7)

“Each evening

They come back.

They are howling like dogs.

They are prowling about the city.

There they are.

They bellow with their mouths.

They have sharp words on their lips.

They think.

‘Who will hear us?’”

The wicked ones are like howling dogs at night. They prowl around the city bellowing. They have sharp words on their lips. They think that no one can hear them so they growl and shout louder.

Judith reveals her plan to General Holofernes (Jdt 11:16-11:19)

“When I, your slave, learned all this,

I fled from them.

God has sent me to accomplish with you

Things that will astonish the whole world,

Whenever people shall hear about them.

Your servant is indeed God-fearing.

I serve the God of heaven day and night.

Therefore, my lord, I will remain with you.

Every night your servant will go out into the valley.

I will pray to God.

He will tell me when they have committed their sins.

Then I will come and tell you.

Then you may go out with your whole army.

Not one of them will be able to withstand you.

Then I will lead you through Judea,

Until you come to Jerusalem.

There I will set your throne.

You will drive them like sheep that have no shepherd.

No dog will as much as growl at you.

This was told me to give me foreknowledge.

It was announced to me.

I was sent to tell you.”

The plan is simple. God sent me to you so that you might astonish the whole world. Judith had fled from the Israelites because the God of heaven and earth had sent her. Every night, she would go out into the valley to pray. God would then tell her when they have sinned. Then she would come and tell the general. Next his army would destroy them because they would not be able to withstand him. She would lead him through Judea to Jerusalem, where she would put General Holofernes on a throne in Jerusalem. He would drive the Israelites out like sheep without a shepherd. Even the dogs would not growl at him. All this was revealed to Judith so that she could help him. Judith continued with her plans of grandeur for General Holofernes. Now it is not simply this little town but the city of Jerusalem as the ultimate goal of this expedition. Judith indicated that she was a prophet to whom God spoke. She was willing to share her knowledge with him.