The role of the prophet (Hos 9:8-9:9)

“The prophet is

A sentinel

For my God

Over Ephraim.

Yet a fowler’s snare

Is on all his ways.

Hostility is

In the house

Of his God.

They have deeply

Corrupted themselves,

As in the days of Gibeah.

He will remember

Their iniquity.

He will punish

Their sins.’”

Hosea said that the prophet should be a sentinel or watchman for God over the territory of Ephraim. However, the bird hunter or fowler had set snares for them. There was so much hostility in the house of God. They simply corrupted themselves too much. It was like in the days of Gibeah, as found in the situation over the concubine at Gibeah, in Judges, chapters 19-21. Then Hosea repeated what he had said in the preceding chapter that Yahweh would remember their iniquity, so that he would punish them for their sins.

The alarming situation in Benjamin (Hos 5:8-5:8)

“Blow the horn

In Gibeah!

Blow the trumpet

In Ramah!

Sound the alarm

At Beth-aven!


O Benjamin!”

Yahweh, via Hosea, wanted them to blow the horn in Gibeah, a hill about 5 miles north of Jerusalem. They were to blow the horn at Ramah, a place near Mizpah. Then they were to sound the alarm at Beth-aven, Bethel, the capital of the northern Israelite kingdom. Benjamin should also tremble, because it was between Ephraim and Judah.

The threat of Nahash, the Ammonite (1 Sam 11:1-11:4)

“About a month later, Nahash the Ammonite went up and besieged Jabesh-gilead. All the men of Jabesh said to Nahash. ‘Make a treaty with us. We will serve you.’ But Nahash the Ammonite said to them. ‘On this condition I will make a treaty with you, namely that I gouge out everyone’s right eyes. Thus I will put disgrace upon all Israel.’ The elders of Jabesh said to him. ‘Give us seven days respite that we may send messengers through all the territory of Israel. Then, if there is no one to save us, we will give ourselves up to you.’ When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul, they reported the matter in the hearing of the people. All the people wept aloud.”

There were problems at Jabesh-gilead, a town on the east Jordan side. This is the same town in Judges, chapter 21, which never sent troops to help defeat the Benjaminites. The other tribes wiped out this town except for its 400 virgins, which they gave to the Benjaminites to be their wives. Nahash an Ammonite surrounded this town. He agreed to make a peace treaty if everyone gave up their right eye. The people wanted a week of peace to send for help. If no one showed up in a week, then they would agree to his terms. News arrived at Gibeah where Saul lived. This is exactly the same town where in Judges, chapters 19-21,the great crime of the Benjaminites took place. All the people wept. I always have problems with the phrase ‘all the people.’ Why would they want to save this town? Perhaps the wives of the Benjaminites reminded them of what they had done to it.