The ancestors of Saul at Gibeon (1 Chr 9:35-9:38)

“In Gibeon lived the father of Gibeon, Jeiel. The name of his wife was Maacah. Hs first-born son was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah and Mikloth. Mikloth became the father of Shimeam. These also lived opposite their kindred in Jerusalem, with their kindred.”

This is exactly the same as in the previous chapter except for Shimeam who was called Shimeah. This is the only time this name appears so it merely was a change from an “h” to an “m.” I will simply repeat what I said last chapter. This is an attempt to show the ancestors of Saul. There are about 10 different people with the name of Jeiel. Jeiel with his wife Maacah had 9 sons. There were 9 different biblical women with the name of Maacah. Gibeon was a city of the Hivites that made a pact with Joshua, Joshua, chapter 9. Gibeon then became a Levitical city in Benjamin territory, about 6 miles northwest from Jerusalem. It is not sure whether there ever was a person called Gibeon. (1) Abdon the first born was the name of one of the judges that preceded Samson in Judges, chapter 12, but there were also a couple of other people with the name of Abdon, including the son of Shashak. There was 1 other (2) Zur who was a king of Midian. There were 5 people with the name of (3) Kish, the most important being the father of Saul. It is not clear whether this is the father of Saul or a great uncle. Although (4) Baal usually refers to the supreme divinity of the Canaanites or any foreign god, there were 2 biblical people with that name, one here and the other a Simeonite. There were 4 biblical people with the name of (5) Nadab, the most famous being the son of Aaron and King Nadab of Israel (910-909 BCE). There are 2 or 3 people named (6) Gedor, but there also was a place called Gedor in the mountains of Judah. (7) Ahio was also the name of one of the sons of Beriah and someone who helped with the ark at the time of David. This is the only time that the name (8) Zecher appears. (9) Mikloth was somehow important because he was the father of Shimeah, which is also the name of one of David’s brothers. They lived in Jerusalem, but it was close to Gibeon.

The ancestors of Saul at Gibeon (1 Chr 8:29-8:32)

“Jeiel the father of Gibeon lived in Gibeon. The name of his wife was Maacah. His first-born son was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, Zecher, and Mikloth, who became the father of Shimeah. Now these also lived opposite their kindred in Jerusalem, with their kindred.”

For some reason, this exact passage appears in the next chapter. This is an attempt to show the ancestors of Saul. There are about 10 different people with the name of Jeiel. Jeiel with his wife Maacah had 9 sons. There were 9 different biblical women with the name of Maacah. Gibeon was a city of the Hivites that made a pact with Joshua, Joshua, chapter 9. Gibeon then became a Levitical city in the Benjamin territory, about 6 miles northwest from Jerusalem. It is not sure whether there ever was a person called Gibeon. (1) Abdon the first born was the name of one of the judges that preceded Samson in Judges, chapter 12, but there were also a couple of other people with the name of Abdon, including the son of Shashak. There was 1 other (2) Zur who was a king of Midian. There were 5 people with the name of (3) Kish, the most important being the father of Saul. It is not clear whether this is the father of Saul or a great uncle. Although (4) Baal usually refers to the supreme divinity of the Canaanites or any foreign god, there were 2 biblical people with that name, one here and the other a Simeonite. There were 4 biblical people with the name of (5) Nadab, the most famous being the son of Aaron and the King Nadab of Israel (910-909 BCE). There are 2 or 3 people named (6) Gedor, but also a place called Gedor in the mountains of Judah. (7) Ahio was also the name of one of the sons of Beriah and someone who helped with the Ark of the Covenant at the time of David. This is the only time that the name (8) Zecher appears. (9) Mikloth somehow was important because he was the father of Shimeah, which is also the name of one of David’s brothers. They lived in Jerusalem, but it was close to Gibeon.

 

The Simeon leaders take over the places of Ham (1 Chr 4:39-4:40)

“These leaders of Simeon journeyed to the entrance of Gedor, to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks, where they found rich, good pasture. The land was very broad, quiet, and peaceful. The former inhabitants there belonged to Ham.”

These leaders of the Simeon clan also took over the area around Gedor that belonged to Ham. Gedor was a town in the mountains of Judah, about 7 miles north of Hebron that had been founded by Penuel or Jered from the tribe of Judah as indicated earlier in this book. Ham was one of the sons of Noah in Genesis, chapter 10, whose family extended into Canaan.

Ezrah (1 Chr 4:17-4:18)

“The sons of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married. She conceived and bore Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. His Jewish wife bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.”

This is the only mention of Ezrah and his son Jalon in the biblical literature. There were 6 different people with the name of Jeter, the most famous being the Jether, who was the father of Amasa in 1 Kings, chapter 2. There appears to be 2 other people with the name of Epher, 1 a son of Midian in Genesis, chapter 25, and other in the Manasseh tribe later in this book. Mered is mentioned twice here because he married Bithiah, a daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh. They had 2 children, Ishbah, who is only mentioned here, and Shammai, which is the same name as a son of Onam and Rekem. Ishbah, however, became the father or founder of Eshtemoa, a Levite city in Judah, since probably his son founded this town. Ezrah married a Jewish woman and they had 3 children. Jered is a name mentioned earlier in this book. Gedor became the name of a place in the hills of Judah. There were 7 people named Heber in the biblical literature. This Heber is the founder of Soco, which is a city in Judah. Although this is the only mention of Jekuthiel, he founded another town in Judah called Zanoah.