“You are righteous.
You rule all things righteously.
It is deemed alien to your power
To condemn anyone
Who does not deserve to be punished.
Your strength is the source of righteousness.
Your sovereignty over all
Causes you to spare all.
You show your strength
When people doubt
The completeness of your power.
You rebuke any insolence
Among those who know it.
Although you are sovereign in strength,
You judge with mildness.
You govern us
With great forbearance.
You have power to act
Whenever you choose.”
God is righteous (δίκαιος) and strongly rules righteously. Thus he punishes everyone who deserves it. His strength is the source of his righteousness (ἰσχύς σου δικαιοσύνης ἀρχή). Because he has power over all, he is able to spare some people. Some see this as a weakness, but it only shows the completeness of his power. God judges with mildness and forbearance, even though he has the power to act whenever he wants to.
“Now Judas Maccabeus and his followers, the Lord leading them on, recovered the temple and the city. They tore down the altars which that had been built in the public square by the foreigners. They also destroyed the sacred precincts. They purified the sanctuary. They made another altar of sacrifice. Then, striking fire out of flint, they offered sacrifices. After a lapse of two years, they burned incense. They lighted lamps. They set out the bread of the Presence. When they had done this, they fell prostrate. They implored the Lord that they might never again fall into such misfortunes. If they should ever sin, they might be disciplined by him with forbearance and not be handed over to blasphemous and barbarous nations.”
This purification of the Temple by Judas Maccabeus took place earlier in 1 Maccabees, chapter 4, about a year before the death of King Antiochus IV. Here it is 2 years after the desecration of the Temple. In fact, the description in 1 Maccabees was more elaborate, but pretty much the same as here. There was no lamentation and mourning for the city and the Temple here. The Lord led them on here as the altars were in the public square. In 1 Maccabees, they saved the old stones. Here they just made another altar. They offered sacrifices, burned incense, lighted lamps, and set out the bread of Presence as in 1 Maccabees. Here there is a prayer to be more lenient next time if they do sin.