Canon criticism is relatively new to biblical criticism. Two major schools exist. One takes the final canon as normative for discovering God’s word to his people. Thus, this final form of the biblical documents should be vigorously analyzed and studied, in order to perceive keys to understanding the sacred texts. Another school of thought stresses the authority of the various canonical stages of these historical documents, as well as their final shape. Thus, the process of canonization itself helps give us insights about the texts as they developed in the various church communities.