Wickedness (Wis 17:11-17:14)

“Wickedness is a cowardly thing.

It is condemned

By its own testimony.

Distressed by conscience,

It has always exaggerated the difficulties.

Fear is nothing but a giving up of the helps

That come from reason.

Fear gives up hope.

It is defeated

By this inward weakness.

It prefers ignorance of what causes the torment.

Throughout the night,

That was really powerless,

Which came upon them

From the recesses of powerless Hades.

They all slept the same sleep.”

Wickedness (πονηρία) is cowardly. Its own witness (μαρτυρεῖ) condemns it. Wickedness always exaggerates difficulties so that it fears (φόβος) everything that comes from reason (λογισμοῦ). The wicked give up hope. They are defeated by their own inner weakness. They prefer ignorance of what causes problems. They are powerless throughout the night, like a powerless hell or Hades (ἀδυνάτου ᾅδου). However, everyone sleeps the same sleep, no matter what.

Yahweh answers David (Ps 34:4-34:6)

Dalet  

“I sought Yahweh.

He answered me.

He delivered me from all my fears.

He                  

Look to him!

Be radiant!

Thus your faces shall never be ashamed.

Zain   

This poor soul cried.

He was heard by Yahweh.

He was saved from every trouble.”

David sought the help of Yahweh. Yahweh responded and delivered him from all his fears. He was radiant so that he would not be ashamed. David wanted others to do the same. He as a poor soul cried out to Yahweh. Then Yahweh heard him and saved him from all his troubles.