“Jesus was teaching
He said to them.
‘The Son of Man
Will be betrayed
Into human hands.
They will kill him.
Three days after
He will rise again.’”
ἐδίδασκεν γὰρ τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς ὅτι Ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου παραδίδοται εἰς χεῖρας ἀνθρώπων, καὶ ἀποκτενοῦσιν αὐτόν, καὶ ἀποκτανθεὶς μετὰ τρεῖς ἡμέρας ἀναστήσεται.
This saying about the fate of the Son of Man can also be found in Matthew, chapter 17:22-23, and Luke, chapter 9:44, with some minor changes. This was not the first time that Jesus had talked about his future betrayal, death, and resurrection, since it was mentioned earlier in this work in chapters 8:31 and 9:12. Mark said that Jesus was teaching his disciples (ἐδίδασκεν γὰρ τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτοῦ). He told them (καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς) that the Son of Man (ὅτι Ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) was about to be betrayed into human hands (παραδίδοται εἰς χεῖρας ἀνθρώπων), without mentioning any particular group. They were going to kill him or put him to death (καὶ ἀποκτενοῦσιν αὐτόν). However, after being killed (καὶ ἀποκτανθεὶς). three days later (μετὰ τρεῖς ἡμέρας), he would rise again (ἀναστήσεται).
“We would have been
We would have become
Hear the word of Yahweh!
You rulers of Sodom!
Listen to the teaching of our God!
You people of Gomorrah!”
This seems to be another oracle of Yahweh pronounced by Isaiah. Isaiah calls out the people of Jerusalem, comparing them to the rulers and inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah of Genesis fame, chapters 18-19. Jerusalem could have suffered the same fate as these famous fiery valley towns.
“So I saw that there is nothing better
Than that all should enjoy their work.
That is their lot.
Who can bring them to see
What will be after them?”
Qoheleth concludes this chapter on death with the idea that you should enjoy your work. This is sometimes forgotten today. He maintains that this is your fate in life. You have no idea what will come after you, so why not enjoy what you are doing today.
“When we look at the wise,
The fool and the stupid perish together.
They leave their wealth to others.
Their graves are their homes forever.
Their dwelling places are for all generations,
Even though they named lands as their own.
Mortals cannot abide in their pomp.
They are like the animals that perish.
This is the fate
Of the foolhardy.
This is the end
Of those who are pleased with their lot.”
This psalmist reminds us to the look at the wise people, much like himself. They die. However, so do the fools and stupid people also die. Their wealth is given to others. Their house is no longer opulent since their home is the dwelling place of all people for generations to come, the grave. Mortals cannot keep their pomp forever, since they are like animals that die. This is the fate of all, to die. Even those who are foolhardy and pleased with their lot in life, they will come to an end. On that happy note, it is time for the usual musical interlude pause of Selah.