“All who make idols
The things they delight in
Do not profit.
Their witnesses neither see
Thus they will be put to shame.
Who fashions a god?
Who casts an image?
Can they do any good?
All its devotees shall be put to shame.
The artisans are merely human.
Let them all assemble!
Let them stand up!
They shall be terrified.
They shall all be put to shame.”
Second Isaiah has a strong condemnation of those who make false idols. They are nothing. They delight in things that bring them no good. They and their devotees will be put to shame, which is repeated again twice. Who fashions these gods and casts their images? Can they do any good? They are just mere humans. Let them stand up together and be shamed. In fact, the biggest punishment for these idol makers was their own shame.
“Wisdom is the fashioner of all things.
Wisdom has taught me.
There is in her a spirit that is
Loving the good,
Free from anxiety,
Penetrating through all spirits that are intelligent,
Many of the qualities given to the personification of wisdom will be adopted later in the New Testament writings by Paul with his description of the “Spirit” and the Christian Holy Spirit theology. Wisdom fashions all things. It has taught this author. How do you describe this wisdom spirit? She is an intelligent and Holy Spirit. In some sense, she is the Holy Spirit. She is unique, manifold, subtle, mobile, clear, unpolluted, distinct, and invulnerable. She loves the good, and is keen, irresistible, beneficent, humane, steadfast, sure, and free from anxiety. She is all-powerful, overseeing all, and penetrating through all intelligent spirits. She is also pure and subtle. Thus you can see the comparative descriptions with the Christian Holy Spirit.