This parable is unique to Matthew and is reminiscent of the parable of the day laborers in the vineyard in chapter 20:1-16. Jesus was still talking with the chief priests and elders. Jesus continued with another parable by asking them what did they think (Τί δὲ ὑμῖν δοκεῖ)? In this parable story, a man had two sons (ἄνθρωπος εἶχεν τέκνα δύο). He went to the first one (προσελθὼν τῷ πρώτῳ). He told this first son to go and work in his vineyard that day (εἶπεν Τέκνον, ὕπαγε σήμερον ἐργάζου ἐν τῷ ἀμπελῶνι). However, this first son answered (ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν) that he was not going to go out into the vineyard to work (Ἐγὼ κύριε, καὶ οὐκ ἀπῆλθεν). Interesting enough, most of the Greek manuscript texts do not have the last phrase that this son changed his mind. However, the explanations assume this verse that the first son later or afterwards changed his mind and went out to work in the vineyard (ὕστερον δὲ μεταμεληθεὶς ἀπῆλθεν).
This is another description of the passage way around the small chamber rooms that followed up on explanations of the preceding chapter. This passage way was on the inside with an odd rectangular shape, 10 cubits wide by 100 cubits deep, 17 feet by 170 feet, with a north side entrance. The upper chambers were narrower than the lower or middle story rooms. There were more galleries on this higher 3rd story than on the middle and lower 1st and 2nd stories. These 3 story chambers had no pillars, like those in the outer court. Thus, the upper chambers were set back more from the ground than the lower or middle story chambers.