“Blessed is the barren woman
Who is undefiled.
She has not entered into a sinful union.
She will have fruit
When God examines souls.
Blessed also is the eunuch
Whose hands have done no lawless deed.
He has not devised wicked things against the Lord.
Special favor will be shown him
For his faithfulness.
There will be a place of great delight
In the temple of the Lord.
The fruit of good labors is renowned.
The root of understanding does not fail.”
This author then praises or calls the barren woman and the eunuch blessed or blissful (μακαρία). Both of these groups of people were considered outcasts of society because of their sterility. These barren women are those who were not defiled. They had not entered into a sinful union. They will bear fruit when their souls would be examined (ἐπισκοπῇ ψυχῶν). The eunuchs should have not done any lawless actions. They will not have devised anything wicked against the Lord (κατὰ τοῦ Κυρίου πονηρά). They will receive special favors because they were faithful. They will have a special place in the Temple of the Lord (ἐν ναῷ Κυρίου θυμηρέστερος). This is a reference to some kind of eternal reward. The fruits of a good life and understanding will not fail.
“Now Mordecai took his rest in the courtyard with Gabatha and Tharra, the two eunuchs of the king who kept watch in the courtyard. He overheard their conversation. He inquired into their purposes. He learned that they were preparing to lay hands upon King Artaxerxes. He informed the king concerning them. Then the king examined the two eunuchs. After they had confessed it, they were led away to execution. The king made a permanent record of these things. Mordecai also wrote an account of them. The king ordered Mordecai to serve in the court. He rewarded him for these things. However, Haman, son of Hammedatha, a Bougaean, was in great honor with the king. He sought to injure Mordecai and his people because of the two eunuchs of the king.”
Once again, a eunuch was a castrated man who personally served the king. It is not clear why Mordecai was sleeping with these 2 men in the courtyard. Nevertheless, Mordecai heard their conversation where they were plotting to overthrow and kill the king. He turned on the 2 eunuchs and told the Persian King Artaxerxes what he had heard. The king examined the situation, as the 2 eunuchs confessed their plot. Then the king had them executed. He ordered Mordecai to write an account of the affair, and serve in his court. All looks well for Mordecai. However, Haman comes on the scene. He may have been behind the plot of the 2 eunuchs because he does not seem happy that Mordecai uncovered it. He was a man of high honor but he was also against Mordecai’s people, the Jews.