The sorrow of the exile (Hos 9:1-9:3)

“Do not rejoice!

O Israel!

Do not exult

As other nations do!

You have played

The prostitute!

You departed from

Your God!

You have loved

A prostitute’s pay

On all the threshing floors.

Threshing floor

With wine vat

Shall not feed them.

The new wine

Shall fail them.

They shall not remain

In the land of Yahweh.

But Ephraim shall return

To Egypt.

They shall eat

Unclean food

In Assyria.”

Hosea told the people of Israel, perhaps at a harvest festival, that they would no longer rejoice and exalt like other countries. They had prostituted themselves. They had departed from their God. They had accepted the prostitute’s pay on the threshing floor. No longer would grain and wine feed them, as the new wine would fail. They were not going to remain in the land of Yahweh. They would be sent to Egypt and Assyria, where they would eat unclean food.

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The three men should bless God (Dan 3:66-3:66)

“Bless the Lord!

Hananiah!

Azariah!

Mishael!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!

He has rescued us

From Hades.

He has saved us

From the power

Of death.

He has delivered us

From the midst

Of the burning fiery furnace.

From the midst

Of the fire,

He has delivered us.”

Finally, the 3 young men, using their Judean names and not their Babylonian names, Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael, would bless, praise, and exalt the Lord. However, they had a particular reason to bless God, because he had rescued them from hell or hades. He had saved them from the power of death itself. He had delivered them and kept them safe. Right in the middle of this fiery furnace, God had saved their lives.

Let the souls of the righteous bless God (Dan 3:64-3:65)

“Bless the Lord!

Spirits of the righteous!

Souls of the righteous!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!

Bless the Lord!

You who are holy!

You who are humble in heart!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!”

The 3 men wanted the righteous people to also bless, praise, and exalt the Lord. These were both the spirits and souls of the righteous, since the soul was added to the spirit. This is probably a reference to the deceased ones. Finally, the holy and humble of heart should naturally bless, praise, and exalt the Lord.

Let humans bless God (Dan 3:60-3:63)

“Bless the Lord!

All people on earth!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!

Bless the Lord!

O Israel!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!

Bless the Lord!

You priests of the Lord!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!

Bless the Lord,

You servants of the Lord!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!”

Every human on earth should bless, praise, and exalt the Lord. Three groups get special attention. Of course, there is Israel itself, its priests, and the servants of the Lord. Perhaps these servants are a special group of priests or those who follow the Lord in a special way. All of them should bless, praise, and exalt the Lord, just like everyone else on earth.

Let the birds and animals bless God (Dan 3:58-3:59)

“Bless the Lord!

All birds of the air!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!   

Bless the Lord!

All wild animals!

All cattle!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!” 

The 3 men wanted all the birds of the air and all the wild and domestic animals to bless God, sing praises to him, and exalt him forever. There was no specific mention of any particular birds or animals, other than cattle.

Let the earth bless God (Dan 3:52-3:54)

“Let the earth

Bless the Lord!

Let it sing praise

To him!

Let it highly exalt him forever!      

Bless the Lord!

Mountains!

Hills!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!   

Bless the Lord!

All things that grow

On the earth!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!”

Now this hymn turns to the earthly situation. The earth, the mountains, the hills, and all things that grow on earth should bless the Lord. They should sing praises and exalt him, because they are under his control.

 

The extreme conditions bless God (Dan 3:49-3:51)

“Bless the Lord!

Ice!

Cold!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!   

Bless the Lord!

Frosts!

Snows!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!   

Bless the Lord!

Lightning!

Clouds!

Sing praise to him!

Highly exalt him forever!” 

This hymn continued with a blessing of the Lord from the ice, the cold, the frosts, the snows, the lightning, and the clouds. God controlled them, so that they should praise and exalt him forever.