The chiefs of the half tribe of Manasseh (1 Chr 5:24-5:24)

“These were the heads of half-tribe of Manasseh clans, Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, who were the heads of their clans.”

This biblical author lists 7 mighty warriors as the heads of their clans. There were 2 other people with the name of Epher, the son of Midian via Keturah, and the son of Ezra in the tribe of Judah. He is never listed as a son of Manasseh. There were 3 other people with the name of Ishi mentioned earlier in this book. There were 9 biblical people with the name of Eliel while 2 other people were called Azriel. On the other hand, the name Jeremiah appears over 140 times mostly referring to the prophet and book Jeremiah, but there are 5 other people with the same name including this Jeremiah. Although 3 people have the name Hodaviah, Jahdiel is only mentioned here. These were the 8th century BCE leaders of the east bank half tribe of Manasseh.

Ezrah (1 Chr 4:17-4:18)

“The sons of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married. She conceived and bore Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. His Jewish wife bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.”

This is the only mention of Ezrah and his son Jalon in the biblical literature. There were 6 different people with the name of Jeter, the most famous being the Jether, who was the father of Amasa in 1 Kings, chapter 2. There appears to be 2 other people with the name of Epher, 1 a son of Midian in Genesis, chapter 25, and other in the Manasseh tribe later in this book. Mered is mentioned twice here because he married Bithiah, a daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh. They had 2 children, Ishbah, who is only mentioned here, and Shammai, which is the same name as a son of Onam and Rekem. Ishbah, however, became the father or founder of Eshtemoa, a Levite city in Judah, since probably his son founded this town. Ezrah married a Jewish woman and they had 3 children. Jered is a name mentioned earlier in this book. Gedor became the name of a place in the hills of Judah. There were 7 people named Heber in the biblical literature. This Heber is the founder of Soco, which is a city in Judah. Although this is the only mention of Jekuthiel, he founded another town in Judah called Zanoah.