The fall of Babylon (Jer 51:7-51:10)

“Babylon was a

Golden cup

In Yahweh’s hand.

It made all the earth

Drunk.

The nations drank

Of her wine.

So that the nations

Went mad.

Suddenly Babylon

Has fallen.

It is shattered.

Wail for her!

Take balm

For her wound!

Perhaps she may be healed.

We tried

To heal Babylon.

But she could not be healed.

Forsake her!

Let each of us go

To our own country!

Her judgment has reached

Up to heaven.

Her judgment

Has been lifted up

Even to the skies.

Yahweh has brought forth

Our vindication.

Come!

Let us declare in Zion

The work of Yahweh

Our God.”

Babylon was like a golden cup of God’s wrath. The various nations drank this wrath from this golden cup. Thus they got drunk and went mad. Now suddenly Babylon has fallen and fell into many pieces. You can cry for her. You can try to heal her wounds, in hopes that she would be healed. Everyone tried to heal Babylon, but nothing worked. Then Yahweh said that you could cry and wail for her. Nevertheless, everyone should go to their own country. The judgment against Babylon has reached to the high heavens. Yahweh has enacted his vengeance and vindication. They were now to return to Zion, Jerusalem, to declare the works of Yahweh, their God. Bye-bye Babylon!

King Hezekiah copies (Prov 25:1-25:1)

“These are other proverbs of Solomon

That the officials

Of King Hezekiah,

Of Judah copied.”

Now we are back to another collection of King Solomon’s proverbs. However, these are the ones found or copied by the officials of King Hezekiah of Judah. Who was King Hezekiah? King Hezekiah (735-687 BCE) was the 13th ruler of Judah, a descendant of David. During his reign, the northern Israelite kingdom fell. However, he enacted many religious reforms in Judah. The prophets Isaiah and Micah were around during his rule. More information about his rule can be found in 2 Kings, chapters 18-20, and 2 Chronicles, chapters 29-32. There are also a number of non-biblical sources about the reign of Hezekiah. He also had an influence on the book of Deuteronomy, and the codification of the Torah. Thus these proverbs might be older than the ones earlier. On the other hand, they might have been added to the collection as it seems here.