The rejected servant of Yahweh (Isa 53:1-53:3)

“Who has believed

What we have heard?

To whom has the arm of Yahweh

Been revealed?

He grew up

Like a young plant,

Like a root out of dry ground.

He had no form.

He had no majesty

That we should look at him.

There was nothing in his appearance

That we should desire him.

He was despised.

He was rejected by others.

He was a man of suffering.

He was acquainted with infirmity.

He was as one

From whom others hide their faces.

He was despised.

We held him of no account.”

Second Isaiah asks who believed us. Has the arm of Yahweh been revealed? This suffering servant grew up like a plant or a root from dry earth, not moist soil. This servant was not particularly good looking, not really desirable, and not majestic. In fact, he was despised and rejected by others. He seems to be suffering from some sickness or infirmity. People hid their faces from him as if he was a leper. Most people did not think much of him. Who then is this suffering servant? Is it Israel, Isaiah, or as some Christians project it to Jesus Christ?

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Long live the king (Ps 72:5-72:7)

“May he live

While the sun endures!

May he live

As long as the moon,

Throughout all generations!

May he be

Like rain that falls on the mown grass!

May he be

Like showers that water the earth!

In his days

May righteousness flourish!

In his days

May peace abound,

Until the moon is no more!”

There is a hope that this king would live as long as there was a sun and a moon in the sky. They wanted the king to live through many generations, much like the English queens, Victoria and the 2 Elizabeth’s. This idealistic king was to be a gentile fertilizer, like rain on freshly cut grass or a shower on the dry earth. He was to flourish with peace until the moon went out of existence. He almost had divine powers, which led to the latter belief in the diving right of kings. They wanted a long life for the king.